The State of Oregon joined the United States on Feb. 14, 1859, becoming the 33rd state in the Union. With a land area of 98,386 square miles, Oregon is the ninth biggest state in the nation and, as of 2013, is the 27th most populous state with its 3,930,065 inhabitants.
The capital of Oregon is Salem, and as of 2013's census information, its largest city is Portland. The origin of the state's name is unknown, but some think it originated with the French word "ouragan," which means "hurricane."
Major industries in the state include paper products, farming, timber, mining and electronics. Major rivers include the Columbia River, Deschutes, Willamette River, John Day River and Snake River. At 11,239 feet above sea level, Mount Hood is the state's highest point.
The state nickname is The Beaver State, and the state bird is the western meadowlark; state tree, the Douglas fir; state flower, the Oregon grape; state animal, the American beaver; and the state song, Oregon, My Oregon. The state motto is She Flies With Her Own Wings. The state flag, adopted in 1925, features a blue background and golden lettering giving the state's name and date of statehood. There is also a picture showing mountains, trees, elk and other figures.