The variety in elevation, the world's highest mountains and the earthquake-prone zone are interesting facts about Nepal's topography. The landlocked country has great plains and high mountains as well as valleys. On the border with Tibet, Nepal has eight of the world's highest mountains. It is one of the areas in the world that is most vulnerable to earthquakes.
The South of Nepal has vast plains, which are the extension of the same topography in the neighboring country, India. This region is called Terai and includes farmland as well as thick jungles. The Terai makes up one-fourth of the whole country.
The largest part of the country is made up of east-to-west mountain ranges, including the Mahabharat, Churia and Himalayan. Their elevation is higher in the north, especially on Tibetan border, with eight of the world's highest peaks.
Originating from glaciers and lakes on top of these mountains, three main rivers flow through Himalayan gorges and join the Ganges systems towards India. The third distinctive topographic area lies between the Himalayan and Mahabharat ranges - the Kathmandu Valley. In the valley, the soil is fertile, the climate is temperate and the population is, therefore, dense.
When it comes to earthquakes, Nepal is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world, according to National Geographic. It is located on the major fault line, where the Indian subcontinent tectonic plate meets the one for the Asian continent.