Middleburg, Florida, an unincorporated town in Clay County, received its present name in 1853 after being called Clark's Ferry and then Gary's Ferry. It was a temporary county seat for Clay County when the county came into existence in 1858 and was once an important depot for Florida's eastern coast. Middleburg was raided during the Civil War, and several buildings were burned.
Located in the northeastern part of the state 26 miles southwest of Jacksonville, Middleburg has 13,008 people living there in the 2010 census, 97.9 percent of whom are born U.S. citizens. Males comprise 50.3 percent of the population, and females make up 49.7 percent. Only 8.8 percent have college degrees, but an impressive 82.6 percent possess high school degrees or have earned their GEDs.
According to the same census, the unemployment rate slightly trails the national average, and the poverty rate is 8.7 percent. The median annual income for a Middleburg worker is $27,015, also lower than the national average. Over 40 percent of workers commute more than 45 minutes to work.
Of existing homes in the town, 82 percent are owner-occupied, and about 11 percent are rented. The Median number of rooms for houses in the community is six, equal to the national average.
Middleburg is situated in the Eastern time zone of the United States. It covers 19.6 square miles, all of which are land. The population density is 665 people per square mile.