Marfa, Texas is located in the Chihuahuan Desert, a 140,000 square mile area in West Texas. It is the county seat of Presidio County in Texas, which is part of the desert area known as the Trans-Pecos. As of the 2010 U.S. census, the 1.6 square mile city has a population of 1,981 people.
Marfa, Texas was founded in the 1880s based on its position as a water stop for the San Antonio Railway. The source of the town's name is unclear, but historians attribute it to either the character Marfa Strogoff in the Jules Vernes novel Michael Strogoff or a character in the novel The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoevsky.
Nearby spots of geographical interest include Big Bend National Park and the Davis Mountains. Movies filmed in and around Marfa include the 1956 film "Giant," the 2006 movies "There Will Be Blood" and "No Country for Old Men," and the 2012 film "Marfa Girl." In 2008, the city launched the Marfa Film Festival.
One notable resident of Marfa was Donald Judd, a minimalist artist who worked on Fort D.A. Russell after it was decommissioned. Average temperatures in the city peak in June, with an average of 91.2 degrees Fahrenheit. The coolest days occur in January, when the average temperature is 25.7 degrees Fahrenheit.