There are a number of interesting facts about Granma, Cuba, such as its location in the famed Sierra Maestra mountains. It is also home to Cuba's longest river, Río Cauto.
Another interesting fact about Granma is that it is home to two Cuban national parks, the Parque Nacional Desembarco del Granma and the Gran Parque Nacional Sierra Maestra. The parks feature rare finds such as an ancient giant cactus and dwarf orchids. There are also several bird species, such as the zunzun and tocororo.
Granma is where the Cuban hero Carlos Manuel de Céspedes was born. He is considered to be the Father of the Homeland. Granma is also where Fidel Castro and his soldiers disembarked in 1956. There are a number of museums in the province that showcase this and other important parts of Cuba's history.
Bayamo, the capital city of Granma, was founded in 1513 by Diego Velázquez de Cuellar. However, many of the original buildings were destroyed in 1869 during the Great Fire. This fire was set by citizens who chose to burn the city to the ground instead of allowing it to fall to the Spanish invasion. The city center, which has since been restored, is a Cuban national monument.