France is a democratic republic situated in western Europe along the Atlantic Ocean. Its name in French is the Republique Française. The name is derived from the Latin word Francia, referring to the Franks, a Germanic tribe that inhabited the region during the latter days of the Roman Empire.
French is one of Romance languages that developed out of Latin. As of 2015, only English surpasses French as the world's most studied language. The nation is also a popular tourist destination, with icons such as the Eiffel Tower and Louvre Museum, which is home to the Mona Lisa, attracting millions of tourists each year.
Major cities within France include Paris, the capital, as well as Lille, Marseille and Lyon. The highest point in France is Mount Blanc, a 15,771 foot-high mountain within the Alpine border separating France from Italy. Forests and fields cover much the remainder of the state. France, which is well-known for its vineyards and wine, is the world's largest wine producer. Other significant agricultural products include wheat, cereals and beef. Industries include coal, steel, biotechnology and aerospace.
The religious make-up of France is mostly Christian, with Roman Catholics forming the majority of the population. Significant communities of Muslims also exist in the nation.