Despite its designation as a continent, Europe isn't a continent by definition because it's actually connected to Asia, making it part of the Eurasian landmass. The ancient Greeks first thought of separating the two continents at the Ural mountains. This separation leaves a small portion of Russia in Europe, known as European Russia. European Russia includes the major cities of Saint Petersburg and Moscow.
Europe can be further divided into Western Europe, Central Europe and Eastern Europe. Western Europe consists of several countries among which are the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Italy, Norway and Switzerland. Germany, Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic make up Central Europe with Russia, Belarus and Estonia in Eastern Europe. Bulgaria, located just north of Turkey, is Europe's oldest country.
Europe boasts a myriad of climate types. For instance, it contains tundra in northern Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Russia; coniferous forest in those same countries; deciduous forest through most of the European countries from the United Kingdom down to the northern reaches of Spain, Portugal and Italy; a Mediterranean climate in Italy, Greece, Spain, Portugal and southern France; and grassland in Turkey and south Ukraine and Russia. Bosnia even contains the Perucica rain forest, one of the last of its kind in Europe.Learn more about Europe