Atlanta is the capital and the largest city in Georgia and is located in the northwest part of the state. It is the fifth city to become the capital of Georgia preceded by Savannah, Louisville, Augusta and Milledgeville.
The city started in the late 1830s as a railroad terminus, and its first name was Marthasville. Railroad chief engineer J. Edger Thomson named the town Atlanta in 1845 and incorporated it as a city in 1847. The city became the capital of Georgia in 1868. It was home to the famous civil rights movement leader Martin Luther King, Jr.
There are over 65 streets in Atlanta with the word Peachtree. During the Civil War, the town burnt to almost complete destruction but grew rapidly after the fire due to the expansion of railroads. In 2010, it ranked as the seventh most-visited city in the United States with 35 million visitors each year.
Atlanta has the largest toll-free dialing area in the world and is one of the greenest cities in the United States with a large suburban office park in the Perimeter Center. The city has the world's largest cable-supported dome stadium, known as the Georgia Dome, and it has hosted athletic events such as the 1996 Olympics and the 2000 Super Bowl.