The Appalachian region extends from parts of New York to Mississippi, and it covers a land area of approximately 205,000 sq. mi. This region is found along the Appalachian Mountains, and it spans 13 states, including Tennessee, North Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky and West Virginia.
This region is also referred to as Appalachia, and it includes the southern and central ranges of the Appalachian Mountains. Appalachia consists of 420 counties in 13 states. Some major cities in this region include Birmingham, Alabama; Knoxville, Tennessee; and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
In the past, mining, forestry and agriculture were important in this region's economy. However, poverty rates increased in this area beginning in the mid-1900s.
Appalachia has a rich history and many natural attractions. For example, it was the home of the Cherokee people, and the frontiersman Daniel Boone explored the Kentucky area in Appalachia. This area is also linked to the Civil War era, and it is home to many tourist sites, including Fort Harker in Stevenson, Alabama; the Blue and Gray Museum of North Alabama; the Middle Creek National Battlefield in Kentucky; and the Antietam Battlefield at Sharpsburg, Maryland. The Battle of Antietam occurred in 1862, and many soldiers were killed in a single day of fighting.
The Appalachian region is also important for its many natural attractions, such as the Appalachian Trail, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Harpers Ferry and Cades Cove. The Dollywood theme park is also located in the Appalachia area of Tennessee near the Great Smoky Mountains.