Nigeria was ruled indirectly by Britain until it was granted its independence on October 1, 1960. Nigeria established a new constitution at that time and established a federal system that had both a ceremonial head of state and an elected prime minister.Continue Reading
It was on October 1, 1963 that Nigeria became a republic and Azikiwe became the president of the country; however, Prime Minister Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa remained more powerful.
For most of the 19th century, Europeans ruled the African port cities and used African trade networks to trade their goods and gather raw materials to take home. The British were in charge of Nigeria, and they decided to govern through indirect rule, which involves using existing structures within a country in order to establish rule. The British would use the chiefs (or annoint a "chief" if one did not exist in a particular region of Nigeria) and use them to spread their rules, regulations and laws. The British would leave the people alone unless they ignored or disobeyed one of their regulations. They would also use their "veto" power if they felt that the Nigerians were running things in a way that would hurt their trade needs or minimize their power. The French preferred to run things by direct rule instead.Learn more about Africa
Nigeria is located on the western coast of the continent of Africa on the Gulf of Guinea. Situated in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres, the absolute location of Nigeria is approximately between 5 and 13 degrees north latitude and 3 and 14 degrees east longitude.Full Answer >
Living in Nigeria has its share of advantages, such as large expat populations and diverse entertainment, as well as disadvantages, including infrastructure challenges, high poverty rates and lack of clean water. All these components together make living in Nigeria quite the adventure, explains Business-Travel-Nigeria.Full Answer >
Nigeria boasts a diverse geographical makeup, from wetlands and swamps to mangrove forests and savannas. The country covers a total of 356,000 square miles that are divided into 36 states and one territory. Over 174 million people live in Nigeria, 3 million of which live in Abuja, the capital, as of 2016.Full Answer >
Because of Nigeria's long history, large population and considerable resources, the country is famous for quite a few things, including a booming economy and film industry, empires like the Sokoto Caliphate and the country's role in the slave trade. While Nigeria struggled for a long time under British colonial rule, it has emerged as a political, cultural and economic powerhouse in recent years.Full Answer >