The Indian flag symbolizes the freedom of India from British colonial rule. The modern flag of India, also known as the "tricolor," was adopted on July 22, 1947.
The present form of India's national flag, as of 2014, was designed by Pingali Venkayyaand. It comprises three equidistant horizontal colored bands, including deep saffron or "kesari" at the top, dark green at the bottom and white in the middle, which contains a navy blue wheel. The saffron panel represents the fortitude and bravery of the Indian people while the green band indicates fertility, progress and prosperity. The white color connotes truth and peace with the "Dharma Chakra" or the "wheel of the law," which is represented as a blue wheel on the flag.