What are some important facts about the Municipality of Anchorage?


Quick Answer

The Municipality of Anchorage covers an area of 1,1961.10 square miles and has a population of 301,010 as of 2014. The municipality is in South Central Alaska. It extends up to the Chugach Mountains in the east and the Turnagain Arm fjord in the south. A tidal inlet, Knik Arm, surrounds the western and northern edges of the municipality.

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Full Answer

Founded in 1914, the city of Anchorage expanded in 1975 to include the surrounding communities. Anchorage, with the communities of Eagle River, Girdwood and Glen Alps, became known officially as the Municipality of Anchorage.

The municipality is a hub of the Alaska railroad. The port of Anchorage processes 95 percent of all freight entering the state. Alaska’s major airport, the Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, is in downtown Anchorage. Alaska Route 1, Anchorage’s sole state highway, is the only way to access the municipality by road.

The discovery of oil in 1968 caused a growth spurt in Anchorage and petroleum is one of the municipality’s major industries along with tourism.

The municipality has brief summers due to its sub-arctic climate. Anchorage’s latitudinal position gives it long days in the summer and short days in the winter. Volcanic ash is a significant hazard for the municipality as it is near active volcanoes.

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