What Are Some Important Facts About Mexico?

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Mexico is a nation within the continent of North America with an area of 758,449 square miles and a population of 107,029,000 as of 2015. The capital city is Mexico City, with a population of 19,013,000. Spanish is a dominant language in Mexico; other languages include Mayan and Nahuatl.

Natural resources in Mexico include silver, copper, zinc and lead. Oil and gas exportation and agriculture are major economic enterprises, and the Mexican peso is the basis of the nation's currency. . Popular Mexican foods both within the country and outside are enchiladas, tacos and burritos. Soccer (called football in Mexico and Europe) is the nation's favorite sport.

Several different landscapes cover Mexico, from the deserts of the north to the rain forests of the south. Popular beaches lie on both the east and west coasts. The dormant volcano Pico de Orizaba is Mexico's highest point at 18,491 feet above sea level.

The nation is the historic home of the Aztecs and other natives who lived, farmed and hunted the land before the arrival of Spanish explorers. Recent decades have seen a major wave of both legal and illegal immigration from Mexico to the United States, a topic that has been a major issue during U.S. presidential elections.