The traditional territory of the Blackfoot Confederacy spread from the North Saskatchewan River in Alberta, Canada to the Yellowstone River in southern Montana. The Rocky Mountains formed the western border and extended east to the Great Sand Hills in the modern day province of Saskatchewan. This territory encompassed what is now the Glacier National Park in the west and the Great Salt Lake area in the south. There are now three reserves in Alberta, Canada and one reservation in Montana.Continue Reading
Prior to 1600 and the emergence of European explorers, the expansive territory of the Blackfoot Indian spread even farther into Idaho. Early estimates put the population from 15,000 to 40,000, with the territory expanding over current-day cities including Regina and Calgary in Alberta and Browning and Billings in Montana. The land included the Marias River, Missouri River and the Milk River. In 1833, Fort McKenzie was established on the Marias River and perpetuated trade between the Blackfoot and American traders. The Whiskey Fort was built in 1874 at Blackfoot Crossing.
The 1855 Lame Bull Treaty set aside the land that is now the Montana reservation. This 1.3-million-acre reservation attracts tourists and visitors and includes the Museum of the Plains Indians and the fully accredited Blackfeet Community College in Browning, Montana.Learn more about Maps & Cartography