What Is the Importance of Wheat Cultivation in Punjab?

The introduction of the green revolution is a primary factor for wheat cultivation in Punjab. Increased wheat cultivation has resulted in more cattle being bred for milk rather than farm work and the creation of agriculture-related manufacturing industries.

The Green Revolution in India first took shape in Punjab. It has significantly increased wheat production through the use of high yield variety seeds, pesticides, fertilizers, increased water supply to the wheat crops and advanced seeding and harvesting machinery. Though expensive, it results in high volumes of crops throughout the year and has contributed to an exponential increase in the production of wheat in Punjab.

Through the mechanized approach in the Green Revolution, Punjab has become one of the major wheat cultivators in India, relying less on cattle for farming. This has enabled cattle farmers to focus less on producing cattle for farm work and more on producing high-milk-yielding dairy cattle. This is done by careful cross breeding with foreign breeds.

The emergence of agro-service industries in Punjab, such as agricultural tools manufacturing and the bicycle industry, have significantly improved the industrial trade of commodities in the state. Wheat cultivation has contributed to Punjab's economic infrastructure with the development of truck transportation, renowned agricultural universities in Pakistani and Indian Punjab and numerous cooperative ventures.