The Iberian Peninsula is located in southwestern Europe. Separated from France and the rest of Europe by the Pyrenees Mountains, the Iberian Peninsula contains the countries of Spain, Portugal and Andorra. The British Crown colony of Gibraltar also lies on the southern tip of the peninsula.
The Iberian Peninsula touches three major bodies of water. The Mediterranean Sea lies on its southeastern coast, the Bay of Biscay on its northern coast and the Atlantic Ocean on its western coast. The peninsula gets its name from the people whom the Greeks called "Iberians" after the Ebro, a river running through the region, according to Encyclopaedia Brittanica. At Gibraltar, the Iberian Peninsula is only five miles from the continent of Africa.