Because it receives very little precipitation in the form or either rain or snow, Antarctica is classified as a desert. The classification of desert refers to an areaÂ that getsÂ less than 10 inches of precipitationÂ a year. Antarctica receives an average annual amount ofÂ precipitation that isÂ nearly 2 inches.
Although there is snow on Antarctica, it is due to the accumulation of unmelted snow from thousands of years. The continent of Antarctica is extremely cold. Antarctica consists of glaciers, ice sheets and icebergs. The average temperature in winter is approximately -30 degrees Fahrenheit. However, lower temperatures are possible, especially at Antarctica's center region.
The vegetation that can survive in this environment include lichen and moss. Some animals that do live on this continent are penguins, seals and whales in surrounding waters. The people who live on Antarctica are scientists mainly, or tourists who visit during the summer season.