The Ho-Chunk nation is located in Wisconsin and is one of two federally recognized communities that constitute the remainder of a Native American tribe formerly known as the Winnebago. Ho-Chunk Nation maintains its tribal government headquarters in Black River Falls, Wisconsin.
Ho-Chunk nation members took advantage of the Homestead Act in the 1870s to return to their traditional homeland in Wisconsin. Various members were granted parcels of land in Dane, Jackson, Sauk and Shawano counties that became Indian Trust Land under the protection of the federal government. The other community of Winnebago in the United States, known as the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska, was forcibly relocated several times in the 19th century by the U.S. government.