South Africa's highest mountain peak is Mafadi, which is situated on the border of the Kingdom of Lesotho, a landlocked nation completely surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. The elevation of Mafadi is 11,320 feet, or 11,319 feet according to some sources, and it is the second highest peak in the mountain range known as the Drakensberg. The highest peak within the entire Drakensberg range, at 11,424 feet, is Thabana Ntlenyana, which is situated within the borders of the Kingdom of Lesotho.
The Drakensberg mountain range is the eastern portion of the geological formation known as the Great Escarpment that runs through the Republic of South Africa and the Kingdom of Lesotho. The Great Escarpment surrounds the Southern African plateau and it is this eastern portion that reaches the highest altitudes. Seven mountain peaks in this region reach heights ranging from almost 11,000 feet to more than 11,400 feet.
The portion of the Great Escarpment known as the Drakensberg range extends from the south to the north for more than 600 miles. Its name is derived from the Afrikaans term "Dragon Mountains." The name for the highest peak in the range within the Republic of South Africa, Mafadi, is believed to be derived from the Zulu term for a "satisfied dog."