Italy is located in both the northern and eastern hemispheres. Most European countries lie within the eastern hemisphere and all of Europe is situated in the northern hemisphere. Italy is located in southern Europe, comprising a peninsula that extends into the Mediterranean Sea.
Italy comprises a total area over 116,000 square miles, making it the seventy-second largest country in the world. Italy borders the countries of Austria, France, San Marino, Slovenia and Switzerland. Italy's capital and largest city is Rome. Italy has a population close to 61.7 million people, as of 2014, making it the twenty-fourth most populated country in the world. Italy has primarily a Mediterranean climate and a terrain characterized as mostly mountainous and rugged.