Egypt is located in both the Northern and Eastern Hemispheres. Its absolute location is at the latitude of 27 degrees north and longitude of 30 degrees east. The country is situated in the northern region of Africa, surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Aqaba and Red Sea.
Egypt is the 30th largest country in the world, covering a total area of approximately 386,662 square miles. It shares its borders with Israel, Libya, Sudan and the Gaza Strip. The Sinai Peninsula, which serves as a strategic location that connects the Eastern Hemisphere to the African continent, was originally governed by Egypt, but it was lost to the Israelis during the Six-Day War in 1967. It was only returned to the country in the late 1970s.