The small city of Hackensack, New Jersey, was first home to the Achkinheshcky tribe of the Lenni Lenape native people. The city, located about 12 miles west of New York City, is also rich in Revolutionary War history. Hackensack covers 4.6 square miles and as of 2010, had a population of nearly 43,000 people.
Hackensack’s name derives from the Achkinheshcky tribe, which co-existed peacefully with Dutch settlers who established a trading post in 1639. In 1688, the British named the settlement New Barbadoes Township, but people continued to refer to it informally as Hackensack, which means mouth of water.
In November 1776, General George Washington headquartered in the village during the Revolutionary War. He set up camp in a field across from the First Dutch Reformed Church, which as of 2013, is the second oldest church in New Jersey.
Hackensack has a downtown shopping district, which features more than 300 retail businesses. Notable landmarks in the city include the Hackensack University Medical Center and the New Jersey Naval Museum, which is home to the USS Ling, a World War II submarine.
Hackensack is ethnically diverse, with close to 40 percent of the population being foreign-born, as of 2013. The city also has diverse neighborhoods, with a mix of single-family homes, stately historic mansions and large apartment complexes with gardens.