What is the geography of Turkey?


Quick Answer

Turkey is bordered by the Black Sea on the north, the Mediterranean Sea on the south and the Aegean Sea on the west. The bulk of the country lies on the semiarid Anatolian Plateau. Turkey contains mountains, rolling hills and fertile valleys.

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What is the geography of Turkey?
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Full Answer

The high semiarid Anatolian Plateau in Turkey is bordered by the northeast Pontic Mountains, which reach from 11,000 to 13,000 feet before plummeting to the Black Sea coast. The southern edge of the plateau is bordered by the Taurus Mountains. The eastern side of the plateau is bordered by high peaks, among which is the tallest peak in Turkey, Mount Ararat at 16,945 feet. The western side of the plateau, which is considerably lower than the eastern side, breaks into low mountains and rolling hills before stretching to the Aegean Sea.

The Sea of Marmara separates the Asian and European parts of Turkey, which connect via the Bosporus and Dardanelles Straits. European Turkey is mostly made up of the Ergene River basin, which has a low elevation and is surrounded by hills.

The largest rivers in Turkey are the Tigris, Euphrates, Kizil and Sakarya. Other rivers are short and change often during the seasons. The Tuz, Beysehir and Van are salt lakes found in Turkey.

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