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What is the geography of Florida like?

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Quick Answer

Florida is 500 miles long and 160 miles wide, and most of the state is on a peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Florida is the 22nd largest state and has an area of 65,758 square miles. Its geographic center is 12 miles north northwest of Brooksville in Hernando County.

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Full Answer

Florida has the lowest high point of any state. Its highest point is 345 feet above sea level at Britton Hill in Walton Country. Sugarloaf Mountain in Lake Country is the highest point on the peninsula part of the state at 312 feet above sea level. Florida is flat south of Orlando and has rolling hills 25 to 40 miles inland in the central and northern parts of the state. These hills have elevations of 100 to 250 feet above sea level. Clearwater has vistas 50 to 100 feet above sea level.

The peninsula is made of sandy soils over karst limestone sitting on top of bedrock. The limestone has extended underwater sinkhole, spring and cave systems that supply water to most residents. Florida has the fewest earthquakes of any state because it is not located near any tectonic plates, but it did experience a 6.0 magnitude earthquake centered 260 miles southwest of Tampa.

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