The Fertile Crescent is quarter-moon shaped area of land stretching from Upper Egypt, running through Jordan, Syria and Iraq, and meets the south eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. Compared to its surrounding dry and arid areas, the Fertile Crescent is moist and fertile and is often called the Cradle of Civilization.Continue Reading
The Fertile Crescent is called the Cradle of Civilization as it is believed to encapsulate the origins of agriculture, organized religion, urbanization, trade, writing and science. With the Fertile Crescent bridging Africa and Eurasia, it is thought to have been an important source and distribution of early flora and fauna and is associated with the location of the Garden of Eden from Jewish, Christian and Muslim faiths.
Because the area lies on a tectonic divergence between African and Arabian tectonic plates, the area consists of tall, snow-covered mountains, desert plateaus and fertile alluvial basins. This wide-ranging landscape has helped increase the diversity of the flora and fauna in the area. It was home to eight crops that were important to early agriculture: emmer wheat, einkorn, chickpeas, lentils, peas, bitter vetch, barley and flax. It was also home to cows, goats, pigs and sheep, which are four of the five most important domesticated species of animals.Learn more about Asia
Countries in the western part of Asia include Yemen, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Palestine and Georgia. Turkey is the most populous country in West Asia, with approximately 73.6 million people.Full Answer >
The ancient land of Mesopotamia occupied all or part of the land that now comprises the modern day countries of Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey. The region was called "Mesopotamia," which means between two rivers, because it was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.Full Answer >
As of 2015, the three largest countries in Asia, in terms of land area, are Russia, the People's Republic of China and India. Ranking fourth behind these world powers is Kazakhstan.Full Answer >
China contains a land area of 9,596,960 square kilometers or 3,696,000 square miles. It is the third largest country in the world in terms of land area, behind only Russia and Canada.Full Answer >