The Geography of colonial Connecticut was characterized by heavily wooded areas and rocky soil that was not suitable for farming. The colony also bordered the Atlantic Ocean in the south, which facilitated healthy fishing and shipping industries. The eastern part of the state is hilly.
Connecticut has its geography to thank for its name. It is named after the river that runs through it that the local indigenous people called Quonehtacut. The word literally means "long river." The Connecticut colony was part of the New England group of colonies. It was deeded in 1636 to Thomas Hooker, although what would become present-day Hartford was actually founded a few years earlier. The colony was a Puritan stronghold.
The Pequot War was a conflict between the colonists and the local indigenous people who already occupied the land that the newcomers settled upon. The Pequots attacked colonists and killed several of them. The colonists aligned with two rival tribes of the Pequots and, with their help, defeated the Pequots in 1637.
In addition to the shipping and fishing industries, colonial Connecticut was also a major exporter of rum and timber. Following the Revolutionary War, Connecticut became the 5th state to join the Union.