Palestine covers nearly 10,435 square miles, 10,163 of which is land. The geographic region is located east of the Mediterranean Sea and west of the Jordan River.
A thin strip of coastal plains runs along the Mediterranean Sea, with a narrow strip of low hills and valleys to the east. Hills cover much of the central region, with slopes steeper in the eastern part. The Rift Valley stretches from north to south and bears the lowest point of land. A plateau covers the area east of the Jordan River. Dry flatlands stretch across the south from east to west.
The region's major bodies of water are the Dead Sea, Huleh Lake and Tiberia Lake. Major rivers of Palestine include the Jordan, Kishon, Kanah, Cherith and Shichor-Libnath.