The Gallipoli Peninsula is situated between Dardanelles and the Gulf of Saros in the northwestern coast of Turkey. It was the famous site of the World War I Allied naval campaign against the Ottoman Empire to seize control of the Dardanelles Strait and gain access to Russia.
The Gallipoli Campaign, known to the Turks as the Battle of Canakkale, was the brainchild of Winston Churchill. The military operation aimed to remove the Ottomans from the war by capturing Constantinople, which would have then provided shipping routes to Russia via the Dardanelles. The defeat of the Allies is commemorated by the Turks by the various memorials on Gallipoli and the Dardanelles coast.