On the coast of India, tigers swim in the same rivers as sharks, dolphins, sea turtles and crocodiles, while snow leopards, one-horned rhinoceroses and bears call the Himalaya Mountains home. Cows, considered a sacred animal, are permitted to roam through city streets and often cause traffic jams.
The varied climate in India fosters 65,000 animal species, including river dolphins, pythons and elephants. It is the only country in the world that has both tigers and lions.
In India, followers of Zoroastrianism leave dead bodies in buildings called "Towers of Silence" rather than burying them. Vultures are encouraged to eat the bodies so that the elements of fire, water, earth and air are not polluted.
As one of the most populous countries, India has one of the world's highest rates of murder; over 40,000 murders occur each year.
Living on less than $2 a day, roughly 35 percent of India's population lives in poverty. On the other hand, more than a million Indians are millionaires. It is illegal for foreigners and non-citizens to remove rupees, India's currency, from the country.
After using the toilet, many Indians prefer to clean themselves by splashing water with their left hand rather than using toilet paper; as such, the left hand is considered dirty and is never used for eating.