Canada is home to the longest coastline in the world, boasts the oldest rocks on Earth and has one of the largest impact craters. Canada consists of nearly 151,000 miles of coastline, made up largely by the country's 52,455 islands. Canada also contains stone in the Hudson Bay that dates back 4.28 billion years. Just north of Lake Huron in Sadbury, Ontario, exists the second largest impact crater on Earth at 80 miles in diameter.Continue Reading
As the second largest country in the world, Canada covers over 6 million square miles, about 10 percent of which is water. In fact, there is more water surface area in Canada at 553,744 square miles than any other country in the world. Despite its large size, Canada has only about 35 million people, 11 percent of the U.S. population.
Canada is made up of several major landforms from the Canadian Shield and Canadian Arctic Archipelago to the Great Plain and the Rocky Mountains. The Coast Mountains and Rocky Mountains make up Canada's most mountainous region that runs from the United States border in the south, northwest to the Alaska border in the north. The Great Plains, which also extends into Canada from the United States along with the Rocky Mountains, lie just east of the Rocky Mountains and make up much of the country's interior to the Canadian Shield on the east. The Canadian Shield is a lowland area covered in coniferous forests and lakes that runs from the Great Plains to the Hudson Bay and Labrador Sea.Learn more about Canada