The faces carved on Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota are four U.S. presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. Each was chosen to represent one of four stages of U.S. history: founding, growth, development and preservation.Continue Reading
The carvings were completed over a 14-year period from 1927 to 1941. The first face to be carved was that of George Washington, the first president of the United States. Washington represents the founding of the United States. The final face to be carved was that of Theodore Roosevelt, whose achievements included the founding of the National Parks. He represents development.
Thomas Jefferson, who is regarded as being responsible for much of the United States' expansion into the West, represents growth. His was the second face to be carved. The third face was that of Abraham Lincoln, who is revered for keeping the country together during the Civil War. He represents preservation.Learn more about Geography