The Czech Republic is bordered by Germany to its north and west, Poland to its northeast, Slovakia to its east and Austria to its south. The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Europe. Its capital city is Prague.Continue Reading
The Czech Republic covers an area of 30,450 square miles and, as of 2014, has a population of more than 10 million people. Its official language is Czech, which is a Slavonic language similar to Slovak. The country is divided into three regions: Silesia, Bohemia and Moravia. Mountain ranges surround the Czech Republic and form its border, with the Hrubý Jeseník in Moravia, Krkonoše in the northeast, the Šumava in the west, and the Moravian–Silesian Beskids. Several rivers, such as the Labe, Morava, Vltava and Oder rivers, flow through the country.
The Czech kingdom began in the Middle Ages and became part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after 1867. The Czechs and Slovaks merged to form Czechoslovakia in 1918 after World War I. The country became Communist, with influence from the Soviet Union, after World War II. After the Soviet collapse in 1989, Czechoslovakia was freed from communism during the Velvet Revolution. The Czech Republic and Slovakia formed two separate countries on January 1, 1993. In 1999, the Czech Republic joined NATO and, in 2004, the country joined the European Union.Learn more about Europe
As of 2014, the countries that border Austria are the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria was once the center of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which fell apart after World War I.Full Answer >
The Central Europe Programme lists the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Ukraine as Central European countries. There is some disagreement, however, as to which countries should be classified as part of Central Europe.Full Answer >
The Czech Republic is famous for producing glass, crystal, garnet jewelry, beer and porcelain. It is also the home of Skoda cars and Petrof pianos.Full Answer >
The Czech Republic is one of the major cultural centers of Eastern Europe, and as such, it is well known for its art, music, literature and other contributions. It is also famous for its national cuisine and several types of regional handicrafts, such as blown glass and crystal. The Czech Republic's capital city of Prague is a popular tourist location for travelers from around the world.Full Answer >