The former country of Yugoslavia split into the independent nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. These countries are internationally recognized as sovereign nations and as members of the United Nations. The Republic of Kosovo also declared its independence from Serbia in 2008.
The Kingdom of Serbia merged with the Slavic territories of the former Austro-Hungarian empire to form the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes in 1918. The country emerged from World War II under the control of Soviet-backed communists and Joseph Tito. Tito soon distanced himself from the Soviets but maintained order until his death in 1980.
Ethnic tensions erupted into civil war when Croatia, Slovenia and Macedonia declared their independence in 1991, followed by Bosnia and Herzegovina the following year. Serbia and Montenegro attempted to form a union as the former Yugoslavian Republic, but Montenegro declared its independence in 2006.