The Philippines is an archipelago located between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea in Southeastern Asia, and therefore the inhabitants are considered Asian. The islands are populated by numerous ethnic groups, all of whom are considered national Filipinos, according to The World Factbook of the CIA.
The Philippines is Asia's largest Catholic country, even though it consists of over a hundred ethnic groups, as reported by Wikitravel. The official languages are Filipino, which is based on tagalog, and English.
The Philippine islands were ceded to the United States in 1898 after the Spanish-American War and became a self-governing commonwealth in 1935. The Republic of the Philippines officially proclaimed its independence from the United States on July 4, 1946.