United Kingdom

A:

England is considered its own country, and is also a part of Great Britain and the United Kingdom. The capital of England is London; London also happens to be the largest city in the country. England first became recognized as a country during the 10th century.

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  • What countries were part of the British Empire?

    Q: What countries were part of the British Empire?

    A: Approximately 60 modern countries were formerly colonies of the British Empire. Notable modern countries among these include Australia, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, Nigeria, Malaysia, India, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and the United States. The empire was so vast that it spawned the saying, “The sun never sets on the British Empire.”
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  • Where is England located?

    Q: Where is England located?

    A: England is located in Western Europe on the island of Great Britain. Politically, England is part of the United Kingdom, which is an island country.
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  • What is the length of Great Britain?

    Q: What is the length of Great Britain?

    A: The distance from Great Britain’s northernmost point in Dunnet Head, Scotland, to Lizard Point, its southernmost point, is 600 miles. It is an 823-mile drive. The length of Great Britain’s coastline is 7,700 miles.
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  • What are some facts about London, England?

    Q: What are some facts about London, England?

    A: London, England is actually two ancient cities that are now combined together. One of these two cities is the City of London, sometimes just called "the City," which is the business and financial center of the United Kingdom. The second ancient city is the City of Westminister, where Parliament and the majority of the government offices are located. The two cities combined are known as the region of Greater London.
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  • What is the national flower of England?

    Q: What is the national flower of England?

    A: The national flower of England is the Tudor rose, otherwise called The Rose of England. The Tudor rose became popular after being adopted by Henry VII in the late 15th century.
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  • Where is Scotland located?

    Q: Where is Scotland located?

    A: Scotland is located in northern Great Britain and western Europe. It is west of the North Sea, and south and east of the Atlantic Ocean. It shares its border with England, making it a part of the United Kingdom.
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  • Where is Great Britain?

    Q: Where is Great Britain?

    A: Great Britain is an island situated in the Atlantic Ocean on the northwest section of France, east of Ireland. It is a geopolitical region comprising the autonomous but not independent nations of England, Wales and Scotland.
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  • What are the major landforms in the United Kingdom?

    Q: What are the major landforms in the United Kingdom?

    A: The major landforms in the United Kingdom include mountain ranges, marshland, beaches, cliffs, lakes and gorges. The topography of each country differs slightly.
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  • What is the climate like in England?

    Q: What is the climate like in England?

    A: England has a temperate maritime climate. The Gulf Stream creates generally mild, maritime-influenced weather patterns, leading to England's rainy climate and resulting in a lush green countryside.
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  • What region is London in?

    Q: What region is London in?

    A: London is located in southeastern England. It lies astride the River Thames. The city of London is the capital of the United Kingdom, and it is Britain’s largest metropolis. It is the country’s economic, transportation and cultural center, according to Encyclopedia Britannica.
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  • What is the capital of England?

    Q: What is the capital of England?

    A: The capital of England is London. It is in the southeast area of England along the River Thames, and is one of the oldest great cities. The region was first occupied by the ancient Romans under Emperor Claudius in 43 A.D., and has been a thriving center of commerce since.
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  • What countries make up the British Isles?

    Q: What countries make up the British Isles?

    A: The British Isles are the group of islands including the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which includes the nations of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Island. Many other islands also make up the British Isles.
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  • What are the most popular sports in the United Kingdom?

    Q: What are the most popular sports in the United Kingdom?

    A: Football, or soccer as it is known to Americans, is overwhelmingly the most popular sport in the United Kingdom, although rugby league, rugby union, cricket, tennis, hockey and golf also have a strong presence. Certain sports also enjoy regional popularity, such as shinty, which attracts enormous crowds in the Scottish Highlands, but has almost no presence in other parts of the U.K.
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  • How many children does Queen Elizabeth have?

    Q: How many children does Queen Elizabeth have?

    A: As of 2014, Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom has four children: Charles, Anne, Edward and Andrew. As the oldest, Charles is the heir apparent. Queen Elizabeth also has eight grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.
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  • What is the longest river in the United Kingdom?

    Q: What is the longest river in the United Kingdom?

    A: A BBC article from 2012 states that the River Severn is officially the longest river in the United Kingdom but that the River Thames might actually be longer. The discrepancy originates in a dispute over the source of the Thames.
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  • Where is Belfast located?

    Q: Where is Belfast located?

    A: Belfast is located in Northern Ireland, a region of the United Kingdom on the island of Ireland. It is the capital city of the region. As of 2014, Belfast's population was 274,678, making it the largest city in Northern Ireland.
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  • Where is Wales?

    Q: Where is Wales?

    A: Wales is in the United Kingdom to the west of England. Its total area is just over 8,000 square miles which is roughly half the size of Switzerland or about the same size as Massachusetts. As of 2012, the population of Wales was just over 3 million people.
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  • What is the national sport of Scotland?

    Q: What is the national sport of Scotland?

    A: Golf is considered the unofficial national sport of Scotland, its birthplace. The rules of the game and the first courses were developed in Scotland more than six centuries ago.
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  • What is the hat called that the English royal guards wear?

    Q: What is the hat called that the English royal guards wear?

    A: The tall, black fur hat worn by Grenadier Guards as British Royal Guards is called a bearskin because the entire hide of a black bear is required to make one. The five regiments of the British army that form the Queen's Guard require 50 to 100 new hats each year.
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  • What does Scotland import and export?

    Q: What does Scotland import and export?

    A: Scotland exports Scotch whisky, salmon, beef and lamb, chemicals, petroleum products, electronics, and textiles. The country imports manufactured goods, beverages and tobacco, machinery and vehicles, and fuels. Whisky is the best-known Scottish export, with 36 bottles exported every second as of 2014. Scottish salmon is exported to about 60 countries each year.
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  • Which two countries do the Chunnel tunnels connect?

    Q: Which two countries do the Chunnel tunnels connect?

    A: The Chunnel, formally known as the Channel Tunnel, connects the countries of Great Britain and France. More specifically, it links Folkestone, Kent, with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, via the Strait of Dover underneath the English Channel. The Chunnel is a rail tunnel that is 50.5 kilometers, or 31.4 miles, long.
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