South America

A:

The climate in Chile ranges from alpine conditions in the country's mountains to Mediterranean temperatures along its coastline. Other than snowfall in its higher altitudes, Chile sees very little precipitation most of the year.

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  • What Is the Capital of Brazil?

    Q: What Is the Capital of Brazil?

    A: The capital of Brazil is Brasilia, which became the capital in 1960. The city is located in the central portion of Brazil. In 1955, the city was a desert until architects and designers turned the area into one of Brazil's most popular and successful cities.
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  • What Is the Yearly Rainfall of the Amazon Rain Forest?

    Q: What Is the Yearly Rainfall of the Amazon Rain Forest?

    A: The Amazon rain forest receives an average yearly rainfall of as much as 120 inches. The Amazon rain forest comprises a total area over 2.1 million square miles, making it the largest tropical rain forest in the world.
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  • How Did Peru Get Its Name?

    Q: How Did Peru Get Its Name?

    A: The name Peru is derived from the word “Biru.” When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in Central America between 1521 to 1522, they found that the ruler of what is now present day Panama was a man named Biru. They called the region to the south of Panama as Biru.
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  • Where Is the Amazon Rainforest Located?

    Q: Where Is the Amazon Rainforest Located?

    A: The Amazon rainforest is located in northern South America, in the country of Brazil. It covers 2,300,000 square miles and makes up about 40 percent of the geographic area of Brazil.
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  • What Does the Brazilian Flag Represent?

    Q: What Does the Brazilian Flag Represent?

    A: The Brazilian flag represents the forest and minerals of Brazil and the day the people of Brazil declared their country a republic. The flag's design was adopted on Nov. 19, 1889. The flag also has 27 five-point stars that represent each of the federated units that make up the union and one for the Federal District of Brazil.
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  • What Is the Smallest Country in South America?

    Q: What Is the Smallest Country in South America?

    A: As of 2014, Suriname is the smallest country in South America. Suriname is located in northern South America, between French Guiana and Guyana. Suriname comprises an area over 63,000 square miles, making it a little larger than the U.S. state of Georgia. Suriname is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean.
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  • What Is the Climate of Chile?

    Q: What Is the Climate of Chile?

    A: The climate in Chile ranges from alpine conditions in the country's mountains to Mediterranean temperatures along its coastline. Other than snowfall in its higher altitudes, Chile sees very little precipitation most of the year.
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  • What Is the Climate Like in the Rainforest?

    Q: What Is the Climate Like in the Rainforest?

    A: In tropical rainforests, the climate is usually hot and wet year-round. In temperate rainforests, average temperatures range from 40 degrees Fahrenheit up to the mid-50s.
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  • Where Is the Atacama Desert Located?

    Q: Where Is the Atacama Desert Located?

    A: The Atacama Desert is located on the western coast of South America, right along the Pacific Ocean. It stretches nearly 600 miles from the southern border of Peru into northern Chile.
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  • Where Is Angel Falls Located?

    Q: Where Is Angel Falls Located?

    A: Angel Falls is located in southeastern Venezuela in Canaima National Park. It has the distinction of being the world's highest uninterrupted waterfall with a height of 3,212 feet.
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  • How Many Countries Are There in South America?

    Q: How Many Countries Are There in South America?

    A: There are 12 countries and three major territories in South America. The countries include Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname. The three major territories include French Guiana, the Falkland Islands and the Galapagos Islands.
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  • What Is the National Flower of Brazil?

    Q: What Is the National Flower of Brazil?

    A: The national flower of Brazil is the ipe-amarelo. The ipe-amarelo is actually a flowering tree that blooms in brilliant yellow flowers during the September and October months. The blooms only last around a week.
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  • What Are Costa Rica's Imports and Exports?

    Q: What Are Costa Rica's Imports and Exports?

    A: According to the CIA World Factbook, Costa Rica's main exports are bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, beef, seafood, electronic components and medical equipment; the main imports are raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum and construction materials. Costa Rica trades frequently with the United States.
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  • Why Are the Galapagos Islands Famous?

    Q: Why Are the Galapagos Islands Famous?

    A: The Galapagos Islands are famous for the incredibly diverse forms of life that are found there. Their place within the history of scientific research and theorization is also enormously significant, having contributed to some of the most compelling and far-reaching explanations for the development of life on earth, including evolutionary theory in particular.
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  • Where Is South America Located?

    Q: Where Is South America Located?

    A: The uppermost portion of South America lies at a latitude of 14.6048° S and a longitude of 59.0625° W, and it is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea and Central America. The continent is in the Western Hemisphere.
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  • What Is the Source of the Amazon River?

    Q: What Is the Source of the Amazon River?

    A: As of 2014, the source of the Amazon River is the Mantaro River in the Peruvian Andes. The source of the Amazon River has always been hotly debated, and until 1971, the Apurimac River was considered the source of the Amazon.
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  • What Is Chile Famous For?

    Q: What Is Chile Famous For?

    A: Chile is most famous for Easter Island. Easter Island is located thousands of miles off the mainland. It is known for its moai, which are large stone statues of heads.
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  • What Do the Argentina Flag Colors Mean?

    Q: What Do the Argentina Flag Colors Mean?

    A: The Argentina flag features the color white, which stands for peace and honesty, and the color blue, which represents vigilance, truth, loyalty, perseverance, and justice. The flag also has a yellow sun in the center white band that is referred to as the Sun of May.
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  • What Are the Seasons in Argentina?

    Q: What Are the Seasons in Argentina?

    A: Because Argentina is in the Southern Hemisphere, its four seasons, which are summer, winter, spring and fall, are opposite to those of the Northern Hemisphere. In this country, the summer months are from December to March, and winter months are from June to August.
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  • Which Countries Border Brazil?

    Q: Which Countries Border Brazil?

    A: Ten countries border Brazil, including Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. The only countries in South America that do not border Brazil are Ecuador and Chile.
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  • What Countries Border Argentina?

    Q: What Countries Border Argentina?

    A: Argentina is bordered by Bolivia for 582 miles, Brazil for 785 miles, Chile for 4,158 miles, Paraguay for 1,573 miles and Uruguay for 336 miles. The South Atlantic Ocean also borders Argentina for 3,100 miles.
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