South America

A:

Brazil comprises a total area of about 3.3 million square miles, making it the fifth largest country in the world and the largest country in South America, occupying over half the continent. Brazil is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and has a coastline spanning approximately 4,600 miles.

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  • How do people use the Amazon River?

    Q: How do people use the Amazon River?

    A: People use the Amazon River for water, food, travel and scientific discovery. In fact, the Amazon River alone adds 20 percent of freshwater into the ocean and is possibly the longest river in the world.
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  • What is the capital of Brazil?

    Q: What is the capital of Brazil?

    A: The capital of Brazil is Brasilia, which became the capital in 1960. The city is located in the central portion of Brazil. In 1955, the city was a desert until architects and designers turned the area into one of Brazil's most popular and successful cities.
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  • What animals live in Peru?

    Q: What animals live in Peru?

    A: Because of its variety of terrains and ecosystems, Peru is home to 500 species of mammals, including pumas, jaguars, spectacled bears, yellow-tailed woolly monkeys, llamas, alpacas and vicunas. In addition to mammals, Peru has 1800 species of birds and 300 species of reptiles.
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  • What is the Bolivian Death Road?

    Q: What is the Bolivian Death Road?

    A: Today it's not as deadly as it sounds, but the journey down the 40-mile Yungas Road in Bolivia once claimed nearly 200 to 300 lives per year due to its treacherous terrain. For years it was one of the only major routes between Bolivia's capital, La Paz, and the Amazonian city of Coroico. It was mostly single-laned, had no guardrails and clung to cliffs of up to 2,000 feet.
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  • What is the climate like in Brazil?

    Q: What is the climate like in Brazil?

    A: Brazil's climate varies a great deal across the country, with five distinct climatic regions. This variability arises because of wide deviations in altitude of the land, as well as differences in the distance from the ocean.
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  • What is the yearly rainfall of the Amazon rain forest?

    Q: What is the yearly rainfall of the Amazon rain forest?

    A: The Amazon rain forest receives an average yearly rainfall of as much as 120 inches. The Amazon rain forest comprises a total area over 2.1 million square miles, making it the largest tropical rain forest in the world.
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  • What is the weather like in Peru?

    Q: What is the weather like in Peru?

    A: Peru is a nation of three regions with three different climates, which are the dry, hot coastal region, the variable Andes highlands and the humid jungle. Temperatures often reach 110 degrees Fahrenheit in the coastal region. The highlands experience a wet season from December through March and a dry season from April through November. The jungle is always humid, but it experiences heavy rains from December through March.
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  • What clothing is traditional in Chile?

    Q: What clothing is traditional in Chile?

    A: Traditional Chilean clothing consists of an elaborately decorated silk or wool chamanto or poncho, a straw hat called a chupalla and a feminine, full-skirted, flowered dress. The poncho is unique because it is reversible from dark to light.
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  • How many countries are there in South America?

    Q: How many countries are there in South America?

    A: There are 12 countries and three major territories in South America. The countries include Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana and Suriname. The three major territories include French Guiana, the Falkland Islands and the Galapagos Islands
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  • What is the smallest country in South America?

    Q: What is the smallest country in South America?

    A: As of 2014, Suriname is the smallest country in South America. Suriname is located in northern South America, between French Guiana and Guyana. Suriname comprises an area over 63,000 square miles, making it a little larger than the U.S. state of Georgia. Suriname is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean.
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  • Which countries border Brazil?

    Q: Which countries border Brazil?

    A: Ten countries border Brazil, including Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. The only countries in South America that do not border Brazil are Ecuador and Chile.
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  • What does the Brazilian flag represent?

    Q: What does the Brazilian flag represent?

    A: The Brazilian flag represents the forest and minerals of Brazil and the day the people of Brazil declared their country a republic. The flag's design was adopted on Nov. 19, 1889. The flag also has 27 five-point stars that represent each of the federated units that make up the union and one for the Federal District of Brazil.
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  • What are the 3 largest cities in Brazil?

    Q: What are the 3 largest cities in Brazil?

    A: The three largest cities of Brazil are São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte. Brazil has a large urban population, and 22 Brazilian cities have a population of more than half a million people. Brasilia and Salvador are two other very large cities in Brazil.
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  • What animals live in Colombia?

    Q: What animals live in Colombia?

    A: A wide variety of animals live in Colombia. In fact, it is home to the highest rate of species by area unit worldwide. The largest species groups in Colombia are the variety of mammals, amphibians and birds.
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  • What is the highest mountain in Brazil?

    Q: What is the highest mountain in Brazil?

    A: The highest mountain in Brazil is Pico da Neblina. It is 2,994 meters above sea level and is located partly in the Guiana Highlands on the Brazil-Venezuela border.
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  • What are the seasons in Argentina?

    Q: What are the seasons in Argentina?

    A: Because Argentina is in the Southern Hemisphere, its four seasons, which are summer, winter, spring and fall, are opposite to those of the Northern Hemisphere. In this country, the summer months are from December to March, and winter months are from June to August.
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  • Where is Cape Horn located?

    Q: Where is Cape Horn located?

    A: Cape Horn is located at the southernmost tip of South America, on Hornos Island in the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile. Cape Horn is in a region with hostile waters due to the nature of the ocean between South America and Antarctica.
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  • What is the climate of Chile?

    Q: What is the climate of Chile?

    A: The climate in Chile ranges from alpine conditions in the country's mountains to Mediterranean temperatures along its coastline. Other than snowfall in its higher altitudes, Chile sees very little precipitation most of the year.
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  • How many square miles is Brazil?

    Q: How many square miles is Brazil?

    A: Brazil comprises a total area of about 3.3 million square miles, making it the fifth largest country in the world and the largest country in South America, occupying over half the continent. Brazil is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and has a coastline spanning approximately 4,600 miles.
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  • What is Chile famous for?

    Q: What is Chile famous for?

    A: Chile is most famous for Easter Island. Easter Island is located thousands of miles off the mainland. It is known for its moai, which are large stone statues of heads.
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  • What do the Argentina flag colors mean?

    Q: What do the Argentina flag colors mean?

    A: The Argentina flag features the color white, which stands for peace and honesty, and the color blue, which represents vigilance, truth, loyalty, perseverance, and justice. The flag also has a yellow sun in the center white band that is referred to as the Sun of May.
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