South America

A:

The Galapagos Islands are famous for the incredibly diverse forms of life that are found there. Their place within the history of scientific research and theorization is also enormously significant, having contributed to some of the most compelling and far-reaching explanations for the development of life on earth, including evolutionary theory in particular.

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  • What is the national flower of Brazil?

    Q: What is the national flower of Brazil?

    A: The national flower of Brazil is the ipe-amarelo. The ipe-amarelo is actually a flowering tree that blooms in brilliant yellow flowers during the September and October months. The blooms only last around a week.
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  • What is the capital of Brazil?

    Q: What is the capital of Brazil?

    A: The capital of Brazil is Brasilia, which became the capital in 1960. The city is located in the central portion of Brazil. In 1955, the city was a desert until architects and designers turned the area into one of Brazil's most popular and successful cities.
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  • What are Costa Rica's imports and exports?

    Q: What are Costa Rica's imports and exports?

    A: According to the CIA World Factbook, Costa Rica's main exports are bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, beef, seafood, electronic components and medical equipment; the main imports are raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum and construction materials. Costa Rica trades frequently with the United States.
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  • What is the climate of Chile?

    Q: What is the climate of Chile?

    A: The climate in Chile ranges from alpine conditions in the country's mountains to Mediterranean temperatures along its coastline. Other than snowfall in its higher altitudes, Chile sees very little precipitation most of the year.
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  • What is the highest mountain in Brazil?

    Q: What is the highest mountain in Brazil?

    A: The highest mountain in Brazil is Pico da Neblina. It is 2,994 meters above sea level and is located partly in the Guiana Highlands on the Brazil-Venezuela border.
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  • What is the capital city of Columbia?

    Q: What is the capital city of Columbia?

    A: Bogotá D.C. is the capitol city of the South American country Columbia. D.C. stands for Distrito Capital or District Capital. The city was given the name Santa Fe de Bacata by the Spanish conquerors, who named the city after the conqueror's birthplace and one of the indigenous Muisca people's rulers.
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  • How do people use the Amazon River?

    Q: How do people use the Amazon River?

    A: People use the Amazon River for water, food, travel and scientific discovery. In fact, the Amazon River alone adds 20 percent of freshwater into the ocean and is possibly the longest river in the world.
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  • Which country owns Easter Island?

    Q: Which country owns Easter Island?

    A: Chile owns Easter Island. It was first inhabited by Polynesians, who call it Rapa Nui. Though the Dutch gave it its modern name in 1722, and it was visited by the English explorer James Cook, Easter Island was annexed by Chile in 1888.
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  • How did Peru get its name?

    Q: How did Peru get its name?

    A: The name Peru is derived from the word “Biru.” When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in Central America between 1521 to 1522, they found that the ruler of what is now present day Panama was a man named Biru. They called the region to the south of Panama as Biru.
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  • How many square miles is Brazil?

    Q: How many square miles is Brazil?

    A: Brazil comprises a total area of about 3.3 million square miles, making it the fifth largest country in the world and the largest country in South America, occupying over half the continent. Brazil is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and has a coastline spanning approximately 4,600 miles.
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  • What is the smallest country in South America?

    Q: What is the smallest country in South America?

    A: As of 2014, Suriname is the smallest country in South America. Suriname is located in northern South America, between French Guiana and Guyana. Suriname comprises an area over 63,000 square miles, making it a little larger than the U.S. state of Georgia. Suriname is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean.
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  • What is Venezuela's national motto?

    Q: What is Venezuela's national motto?

    A: Historically, the national motto of the South American country of Venezuela is "Dios y Federacion." The English translation of the phrase is "God and Federation."
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  • What countries border Argentina?

    Q: What countries border Argentina?

    A: Argentina is bordered by Bolivia for 582 miles, Brazil for 785 miles, Chile for 4,158 miles, Paraguay for 1,573 miles and Uruguay for 336 miles. The South Atlantic Ocean also borders Argentina for 3,100 miles.
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  • What is the climate like in Brazil?

    Q: What is the climate like in Brazil?

    A: Brazil's climate varies a great deal across the country, with five distinct climatic regions. This variability arises because of wide deviations in altitude of the land, as well as differences in the distance from the ocean.
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  • Where is Cape Horn located?

    Q: Where is Cape Horn located?

    A: Cape Horn is located at the southernmost tip of South America, on Hornos Island in the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile. Cape Horn is in a region with hostile waters due to the nature of the ocean between South America and Antarctica.
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  • Where is South America located?

    Q: Where is South America located?

    A: The uppermost portion of South America lies at a latitude of 14.6048° S and a longitude of 59.0625° W, and it is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea and Central America. The continent is in the Western Hemisphere.
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  • Which countries border Brazil?

    Q: Which countries border Brazil?

    A: Ten countries border Brazil, including Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela. The only countries in South America that do not border Brazil are Ecuador and Chile.
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  • What are the seasons in Argentina?

    Q: What are the seasons in Argentina?

    A: Because Argentina is in the Southern Hemisphere, its four seasons, which are summer, winter, spring and fall, are opposite to those of the Northern Hemisphere. In this country, the summer months are from December to March, and winter months are from June to August.
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  • What do the Argentina flag colors mean?

    Q: What do the Argentina flag colors mean?

    A: The Argentina flag features the color white, which stands for peace and honesty, and the color blue, which represents vigilance, truth, loyalty, perseverance, and justice. The flag also has a yellow sun in the center white band that is referred to as the Sun of May.
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  • What is the national animal of Paraguay?

    Q: What is the national animal of Paraguay?

    A: The national animal of Paraguay is the pampas fox, and the national bird is the bare-throated bellbird. The pampas fox is between 20 and 32 inches long, the average being 25 inches. The average tail length is 13 inches, and the animal's weight is between 5.3 and 17.6 pounds.
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  • Why are the Galapagos Islands famous?

    Q: Why are the Galapagos Islands famous?

    A: The Galapagos Islands are famous for the incredibly diverse forms of life that are found there. Their place within the history of scientific research and theorization is also enormously significant, having contributed to some of the most compelling and far-reaching explanations for the development of life on earth, including evolutionary theory in particular.
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