The uppermost portion of South America lies at a latitude of 14.6048° S and a longitude of 59.0625° W, and it is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea and Central America. The continent is in the Western Hemisphere.
A:The three largest cities of Brazil are São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte. Brazil has a large urban population, and 22 Brazilian cities have a population of more than half a million people. Brasilia and Salvador are two other very large cities in Brazil.
A:The Galapagos Islands are famous for the incredibly diverse forms of life that are found there. Their place within the history of scientific research and theorization is also enormously significant, having contributed to some of the most compelling and far-reaching explanations for the development of life on earth, including evolutionary theory in particular.
A:As of 2014, Suriname is the smallest country in South America. Suriname is located in northern South America, between French Guiana and Guyana. Suriname comprises an area over 63,000 square miles, making it a little larger than the U.S. state of Georgia. Suriname is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean.
A:Cape Horn is located at the southernmost tip of South America, on Hornos Island in the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile. Cape Horn is in a region with hostile waters due to the nature of the ocean between South America and Antarctica.
A:Because of its variety of terrains and ecosystems, Peru is home to 500 species of mammals, including pumas, jaguars, spectacled bears, yellow-tailed woolly monkeys, llamas, alpacas and vicunas. In addition to mammals, Peru has 1800 species of birds and 300 species of reptiles.
A:People use the Amazon River for water, food, travel and scientific discovery. In fact, the Amazon River alone adds 20 percent of freshwater into the ocean and is possibly the longest river in the world.
A:As of 2014, the source of the Amazon River is the Mantaro River in the Peruvian Andes. The source of the Amazon River has always been hotly debated, and until 1971, the Apurimac River was considered the source of the Amazon.
A:The Brazilian flag represents the forest and minerals of Brazil and the day the people of Brazil declared their country a republic. The flag's design was adopted on Nov. 19, 1889. The flag also has 27 five-point stars that represent each of the federated units that make up the union and one for the Federal District of Brazil.
A:The Argentina flag features the color white, which stands for peace and honesty, and the color blue, which represents vigilance, truth, loyalty, perseverance, and justice. The flag also has a yellow sun in the center white band that is referred to as the Sun of May.
A:In descending order, the countries with the largest rainforests are Brazil, D. R. Congo, Indonesia, Peru, India, Mexico, Colombia, Angola and Bolivia. Of all the countries in the world, approximately 62 have some type of wet tropical forest. Most tropical rainforests are found in Asia and South America.
A:The Amazon rain forest receives an average yearly rainfall of as much as 120 inches. The Amazon rain forest comprises a total area over 2.1 million square miles, making it the largest tropical rain forest in the world.
A:As of 2014, the largest Spanish-speaking country in the world is Mexico with a population over 105 million people. Spain and Columbia rank second and third in size for countries with large Spanish-speaking populations.
A:Because Argentina is in the Southern Hemisphere, its four seasons, which are summer, winter, spring and fall, are opposite to those of the Northern Hemisphere. In this country, the summer months are from December to March, and winter months are from June to August.
A:Argentina is bordered by Bolivia for 582 miles, Brazil for 785 miles, Chile for 4,158 miles, Paraguay for 1,573 miles and Uruguay for 336 miles. The South Atlantic Ocean also borders Argentina for 3,100 miles.
A:According to the CIA World Factbook, Costa Rica's main exports are bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, beef, seafood, electronic components and medical equipment; the main imports are raw materials, consumer goods, capital equipment, petroleum and construction materials. Costa Rica trades frequently with the United States.
A:The national animal of Paraguay is the pampas fox, and the national bird is the bare-throated bellbird. The pampas fox is between 20 and 32 inches long, the average being 25 inches. The average tail length is 13 inches, and the animal's weight is between 5.3 and 17.6 pounds.