The northernmost point on Earth's surface is called the geographic North Pole. It is one of only two points, the South Pole is the other, at which the rotation of the Earth causes no lateral displacement, but only a rotation around a single point.
A:As of 2014, there are 219 official and de facto capital cities in 195 countries. Twelve countries have more than one capital city. The island country of Nauru has no official capital city; instead the government offices are located in the Yaren District.
A:The three main types of geography are physical, environmental and human geography. There are other sub-branches of geography such as political geography, historical geography and religious geography.
A:The Arabian Peninsula is located in the southwest corner of Asia between the Red Sea to the west, the Arabian Sea to the south and the Persian Gulf to the east, according to HowStuffWorks. The Syrian Desert bounds its north.
A:A common term in geography, the term "longitude" refers to the lines that run perpendicular on a map with latitude, meaning that longitude runs vertically. Lines of longitude are also sometimes known as meridians.
A:Indonesia is the country with the most islands. Indonesia has a total of over 18,000 islands and is the world's largest archipelago. Indonesia is located in southeastern Asia between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia borders the countries of Papa New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia.
A:Also known as Washington, D.C., the District of Columbia is the capital city of the United States of America. By U.S. law, Washington, D.C. is not part of a state and is under the direct authority of the federal government.
A:A globe is a three-dimensional object that accurately depicts the geometry of the Earth, while a flat map is a two-dimensional representation that has some distortions. Although globes are more accurate, maps are easier to use.
A:Continents in the Western Hemisphere include all of South America, almost all of North America, and parts of Europe, Africa and Antarctica. The world is divided into four hemispheres: the Northern, Southern, Western and Eastern.
A:Cardinal directions refer to four points on a compass: north, south, east and west. Each cardinal direction is separated from another by 90 degrees out of a 360-degree circle on a compass. North is at the top, east is to the right, south points towards the bottom and west is to the left.
A:The purpose of maps lies chiefly in navigation and in helping cultures determine new trade routes. Throughout history, governments have put a priority on creating detailed, accurate maps. Today, the term "map" also refers to visual representations of various ideas and concepts.
A:A wide range of animals live in the taiga, including thousands of insect species, hundreds of bird species, 130 species of fish, 85 species of mammals and a few species of amphibians and reptiles. The animal species living in the taiga have adapted to live in the cold climate or migrate to warmer areas during the long winter.
A:It is impossible to give an exact figure regarding the number of mountains in the world. There are hundreds of mountains on land and under the sea. There are very few mountain ranges that are very tall and that have a permanent snow cover. The Alps in Europe, the Himalayas in Asia, the Andes in South America and the Rockies and Appalachian mountains in North America are well-known mountain ranges.
A:The four hemispheres of the Earth are the Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern hemispheres. The Equator, or 0 degrees latitude, divides the Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres. At 0 degrees longitude, the Prime Meridian divides Earth into the Eastern and Western hemispheres.
A:Students study geography to learn the function of basic physical systems such as the Earth, sun, moon, wind currents and water cycles. Studying geography also teaches the physical locations and placements of territories on maps and within surrounding communities and helps students identify distances and spatial relationships of the land.
A:In geography, aspect denotes the compass direction in which the slope of a mountain faces. Aspect also describes flat land and refers to the direction one section of land faces with respect to another section. For example, a coastline has a westerly aspect if the sea is on the west.
A:Asia is the largest continent and has the longest coastline of all the continents. Asia has a total area of approximately 17.2 million square miles and a coastline stretching 39,022 miles. Asia is bordered by the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean and the Arctic Ocean.
A:In geography, spatial distribution refers to how resources, activities, human demographics or features of the landscape are arranged across the surface of the Earth. It is the physical location of salient features of a place.
A:For those studying geography, the term relief refers to the horizontal and vertical dimensions of land surface, also known as terrain. This is particularly apparent on physical maps, which emphasize the relative height of the land with differences in color and shading for differences in height, often resembling three-dimensional surfaces, instead of emphasizing geographical boundaries of states and countries.
A:Different types of maps include climate maps, resource or economic maps, physical maps, political maps, road maps and topographical maps. Most maps have a compass rose that shows direction (north, south, east and west). They also have a scale used for estimating distances.