Greece

A:

The Haliacmon is the longest river in Greece, running approximately 200 miles through the country. This river formed Lake Kastoria and continues to feed it. The Haliacmon is also known as the Aliakmon or the Aliakmonas River.

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  • What are the major bodies of water in Greece?

    Q: What are the major bodies of water in Greece?

    A: Greece is surrounded by large bodies of water, including the Ionian Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Crete, the Thracian Sea and the Aegean Sea. The country's many islands are all located in these five seas.
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  • How is the geography of Rome similar to the geography of Greece?

    Q: How is the geography of Rome similar to the geography of Greece?

    A: There are a few similarities between the geography of Rome, or Italy, and Greece, such as mountains, latitude and the Mediterranean Sea. Rome itself is bound by mountains on one side and the Mediterranean Sea on the other, typical geography for much of Greece.
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  • What is the capital city of Greece?

    Q: What is the capital city of Greece?

    A: Athens is the capital city of Greece. This city of 3.252 million people was designated the capital of Greece in 1833 immediately after the country won its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
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  • What crops grow in Greece?

    Q: What crops grow in Greece?

    A: Crops that grow in Greece include tomatoes, wheat, corn, sugar beets, pistachios, oranges, olive oil, peaches, nectarines, barley, apples, cotton, rice, figs, almonds, watermelons and tobacco. Greece was the largest producer of cotton and pistachios in the European Union as of 2010 and was the second-largest producer of rice and olives.
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  • What is the climate like in Greece?

    Q: What is the climate like in Greece?

    A: Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. The two main seasons of the Mediterranean climate are a rainy and mild winter that lasts from October to March and a warm, dry summer that lasts from April to September. There are typically long periods of sunshine throughout the year.
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  • What is the longest river in Greece?

    Q: What is the longest river in Greece?

    A: The Haliacmon is the longest river in Greece, running approximately 200 miles through the country. This river formed Lake Kastoria and continues to feed it. The Haliacmon is also known as the Aliakmon or the Aliakmonas River.
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  • Q: What animals live in Greece?

    A: Many types of animals call Greece home, including mammals such as lynx, wolves, roe deer, wildcats, jackals and chamois, golden eagles, herons and other birds, and a variety of insects and reptiles. Greece, like many nations in the world, has year-round wildlife and seasonal visitors. Migratory birds and marine animals come to Greece during the spring and fall migration seasons from Europe and Africa.
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  • Q: What are the major landforms of Greece?

    A: The major landforms of Greece are islands, hills, mountains and volcanoes. Almost 1,500 islands belong to Greece, some of which contain extinct and inactive volcanoes.
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  • Q: What is the typical climate of Greece?

    A: The typical climate of Greece is hot and sunny in the summer without much rain. Winters have moderate temperatures and more rain. Small amounts of snow can occasionally be expected in Athens.
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  • Q: What is the capital of Greece?

    A: The capital of Greece is Athens. It is also the country's largest city, as well as one of the oldest cities in the world. Athens is sometimes referred to as the "historical capital of Europe."
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  • Q: What three seas surround Greece?

    A: Greece shares a border with the Aegean Sea to its east, the Ionian Sea to its west and Mediterranean Sea to its south. Greece has 8,479 miles of coastline and is located in Southern Europe, between the countries of Albania and Turkey, and also shares a border with Macedonia and Bulgaria. The country has a total land area of 81,180 miles, a water area of 813 miles and 689 miles of total land boundary.
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  • Q: What is the largest island in Greece?

    A: The largest island in Greece is Crete. It stretches about 160 miles from east to west and covers approximately 3,235 square miles. Crete is also the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
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  • Q: Where is Troy located in the modern world?

    A: The archaeological site of Hisarlik in northwest Turkey is believed to be the ancient city of Troy. Whether the Trojan War of Greek legend actually took place is still a subject of scholarly debate, as of 2014.
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  • Q: What is some information about the Greek Island of Navarone?

    A: The Greek island of Navarone is actually named Leros. The island became famous after World War II when it was the site of the Great Battle of Leros.
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  • Q: What was the form of government of the Phoenicians?

    A: The oldest political system of the ancient Phoenicians was based on a monarchy under the direct rule of a king. This type of government was later replaced by a republic in one of Phoenicia's important cities. Several centuries later, a federal form of government was established, which united three major states.
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  • Q: What are some interesting facts about Greece?

    A: All Greek must serve at least one year in the Greek military, and all Greeks over the age of 18 must vote in elections. Greece has the 10th longest coastline in the world, and no point in Greece is more than 85 miles from some body of water. Much of this coastline comes from islands, of which Greece contains more than 2,000, though less than 200 are inhabited.
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  • Q: What kinds of landforms did Ancient Greece have?

    A: The city-states of Greece were located on arid, wooded, mountainous peninsulas and islands. With about 80 percent of all Greek land covered in mountains, there were no cities or villages more than about 10 miles away from a mountain. There were also several active volcanoes nearby, most notably the volcano that destroyed the Minoan civilization on Santorini, which contributed to the region's frequent earthquakes.
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  • Q: What are the differences between Athens and Sparta?

    A: The primary difference between Sparta and Athens is their differing systems of government. Sparta is considered an oligarchy, meaning ruled by the few, while Athens is believed by historians to have been a democracy. The ancient Greek word "oligos" translates as "few," and "archia" translates as "rule." Thus, the "rule by the few" is what distinguishes Sparta from Athens.
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  • Q: What were the landforms of Ancient Greece?

    A: The geographical features of Ancient Greece included various mountains and hills, volcanoes and the numerous islands that interspersed the country along the Mediterranean Sea. Greece is home to the Pindus Mountain Range, which is the site of one of the planet's deepest canyons, Vikos Gorge. Another major landform in Greece is Mount Olympus, which was considered by the Ancient Greeks as the dwelling of their gods and goddesses.
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  • Q: What language do people speak in Greece?

    A: Approximately 99 percent of the people in Greece speak Greek. However, people in Greece start learning English in the third grade, therefore most Greeks who are under 40 are also fluent in English. Other languages that Greeks frequently learn include French, Spanish and Italian.
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  • Q: Who primarily used a stoa?

    A: A stoa is a long, covered pathway surrounding a building that was used primarily in ancient Greece. These structures allowed Greek citizens to meet and conduct business even on rainy days and enabled the social and political discourse unique to Greece during the Classical Period.
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