Greece

A:

There are a few similarities between the geography of Rome, or Italy, and Greece, such as mountains, latitude and the Mediterranean Sea. Rome itself is bound by mountains on one side and the Mediterranean Sea on the other, typical geography for much of Greece.

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  • What is the capital city of Greece?

    Q: What is the capital city of Greece?

    A: Athens is the capital city of Greece. This city of 3.252 million people was designated the capital of Greece in 1833 immediately after the country won its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
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  • How is the geography of Rome similar to the geography of Greece?

    Q: How is the geography of Rome similar to the geography of Greece?

    A: There are a few similarities between the geography of Rome, or Italy, and Greece, such as mountains, latitude and the Mediterranean Sea. Rome itself is bound by mountains on one side and the Mediterranean Sea on the other, typical geography for much of Greece.
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  • What are the major bodies of water in Greece?

    Q: What are the major bodies of water in Greece?

    A: Greece is surrounded by large bodies of water, including the Ionian Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Crete, the Thracian Sea and the Aegean Sea. The country's many islands are all located in these five seas.
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  • What is the longest river in Greece?

    Q: What is the longest river in Greece?

    A: The Haliacmon is the longest river in Greece, running approximately 200 miles through the country. This river formed Lake Kastoria and continues to feed it. The Haliacmon is also known as the Aliakmon or the Aliakmonas River.
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  • What is the climate like in Greece?

    Q: What is the climate like in Greece?

    A: Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. The two main seasons of the Mediterranean climate are a rainy and mild winter that lasts from October to March and a warm, dry summer that lasts from April to September. There are typically long periods of sunshine throughout the year.
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  • What crops grow in Greece?

    Q: What crops grow in Greece?

    A: Crops that grow in Greece include tomatoes, wheat, corn, sugar beets, pistachios, oranges, olive oil, peaches, nectarines, barley, apples, cotton, rice, figs, almonds, watermelons and tobacco. Greece was the largest producer of cotton and pistachios in the European Union as of 2010 and was the second-largest producer of rice and olives.
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  • Q: What is the population of Athens?

    A: As of 2014, the estimated population of Athens, Greece, is 665,000. This number is a drop of over 100,000 residents since 2004, when the population was 796,400. The city's population decline is attributed to its aging residents and the poor economic outlook in the country.
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  • Q: What is the largest island in Greece?

    A: The largest island in Greece is Crete. It stretches about 160 miles from east to west and covers approximately 3,235 square miles. Crete is also the fifth-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.
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  • Q: What animals live in Greece?

    A: Many types of animals call Greece home, including mammals such as lynx, wolves, roe deer, wildcats, jackals and chamois, golden eagles, herons and other birds, and a variety of insects and reptiles. Greece, like many nations in the world, has year-round wildlife and seasonal visitors. Migratory birds and marine animals come to Greece during the spring and fall migration seasons from Europe and Africa.
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  • Q: What was the form of government of the Phoenicians?

    A: The oldest political system of the ancient Phoenicians was based on a monarchy under the direct rule of a king. This type of government was later replaced by a republic in one of Phoenicia's important cities. Several centuries later, a federal form of government was established, which united three major states.
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  • Q: What is the main religion in Greece?

    A: In Greece, the main religion is Greek Orthodox. Though the Greek government keeps no official religion statistics, the United Stated estimates that this branch of Christianity accounts for around 98 percent of Greek residents.
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  • Q: Where is Greece?

    A: The country of Greece is located in south-central Europe and to the east of Italy. It is bordered by Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and juts out into the Mediterranean Sea.
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  • Q: What are common stereotypes of Greeks?

    A: Common stereotypes that are associated with Greeks include being loud, hairy, carefree, smokers and attachment to the opposite sex parent. While these stereotypes do not pertain to all Greeks, they seem to be quite strongly associated with Greeks and have been difficult to shake.
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  • Q: What language do people speak in Greece?

    A: Approximately 99 percent of the people in Greece speak Greek. However, people in Greece start learning English in the third grade, therefore most Greeks who are under 40 are also fluent in English. Other languages that Greeks frequently learn include French, Spanish and Italian.
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  • Q: What are the differences between Athens and Sparta?

    A: The primary difference between Sparta and Athens is their differing systems of government. Sparta is considered an oligarchy, meaning ruled by the few, while Athens is believed by historians to have been a democracy. The ancient Greek word "oligos" translates as "few," and "archia" translates as "rule." Thus, the "rule by the few" is what distinguishes Sparta from Athens.
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  • What did the Greeks contribute to Western Civilization?

    Q: What did the Greeks contribute to Western Civilization?

    A: Of all the cultures to have influenced contemporary Western civilization, Ancient Greece is perhaps the most powerful. According to LeadershipClassics.org, the imprint of the ancient Greeks on Western society spans such diverse areas as politics, philosophy, science, art, architecture and sports. Additionally, according to History-World.org, the impact of Greek literature cannot possibly be overestimated.
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  • Q: What is the landscape like in Greece?

    A: The general terrain of Greece is mountainous, comprising 80 percent of the country's mountains and hills, interspersed with numerous islands and islets around the Ionian and Aegean seas. Its main topographical features include a peninsular mainland, the Peloponnese peninsula and around 6,000 isles.
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  • What is the national animal of Greece?

    Q: What is the national animal of Greece?

    A: The national animal of Greece is the dolphin, which is associated with the Greek god Delphinus. Greece's national bird is the mythical phoenix; its national flower is the violet; and the national tree is the olive tree.
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  • Q: What three seas surround Greece?

    A: Greece shares a border with the Aegean Sea to its east, the Ionian Sea to its west and Mediterranean Sea to its south. Greece has 8,479 miles of coastline and is located in Southern Europe, between the countries of Albania and Turkey, and also shares a border with Macedonia and Bulgaria. The country has a total land area of 81,180 miles, a water area of 813 miles and 689 miles of total land boundary.
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  • Q: What are some interesting facts about Greece?

    A: All Greek must serve at least one year in the Greek military, and all Greeks over the age of 18 must vote in elections. Greece has the 10th longest coastline in the world, and no point in Greece is more than 85 miles from some body of water. Much of this coastline comes from islands, of which Greece contains more than 2,000, though less than 200 are inhabited.
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  • Q: Where is Greece located?

    A: Greece is located in Southeastern Europe, and it is in relatively close proximity to North Africa and the western part of Asia. It shares land borders with Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey. Greece is a peninsula with more than 1,000 islands; less than 230 of these islands are inhabited.
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