Germany

A:

The colors of the German flag, which are black, gold and red, are the national colors of Germany, and signify the unity of the German nation. The national flag of Germany consists of three bands of equal width, which have one national color apiece. The design and color scheme for the national flag first emerged during the early 1900s, changed to red, white and black between World War I and World War II, then returned to the original three colors following the end of World War II.

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  • Which nine countries border Germany?

    Q: Which nine countries border Germany?

    A: Germany is surrounded by Denmark, Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Germany is situated in central Europe, and shares its borders with the second-highest number of European countries, second only to Russia. The countries surrounding Germany lie alongside its borders to the north, south, east and west.
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  • How did Germany get its name?

    Q: How did Germany get its name?

    A: The name "Germany" comes from the Latin "Germania," which was used to describe barbarian tribes in north-eastern Gaul. Germans refer to their country as Deutschland, which comes from an old High German word meaning "of the people."
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  • What are the major rivers in Germany?

    Q: What are the major rivers in Germany?

    A: The major rivers flowing in Germany are the Rhine, Danube and Elbe. Most German cities were built on the banks of these rivers. Other notable rivers include the Weser, Spree, Oder, Moselle, Main, Lech, Lahn, Isr, Havel and Ems.
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  • What was the purpose of the Berlin Wall?

    Q: What was the purpose of the Berlin Wall?

    A: The Berlin Wall was built to divide communist East Germany from democratic West Germany and to keep East Germans from escaping to West Germany. After World War II, defeated Germany was divided into four zones, each occupied by Allied forces: the United States, France, Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Tension between the communist territory and the democratic territories mounted, and the Berlin Wall was built to separate them.
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  • What animals live in Germany?

    Q: What animals live in Germany?

    A: Wild animals living in Germany include adders, Alpine ibexes, asp vipers, badgers, buzzards, chamois, deer, foxes, European hamsters, fat dormice, graylag geese, hares, harbor seals, herons, hedgehogs, mallards, marmots, martens, moles, muskrats, mice, owls, pheasants, mute swans, raccoons, rats, shrews, squirrels, storks and wild boars.
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  • What do the colors of Germany's flag stand for?

    Q: What do the colors of Germany's flag stand for?

    A: Among other things, the three horizontal stripes of black, red and gold on Germany's flag are associated with the post World War I republican democracy the country formed, representing German freedom and unity. Throughout the Weimar Republic, which lasted from 1919 through Adolf Hitler's turn as chancellor, the three colors represented the official colors of the democratic, centrist and republican political parties.
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  • What do the colors of the German flag represent?

    Q: What do the colors of the German flag represent?

    A: The colors of the German flag, which are black, gold and red, are the national colors of Germany, and signify the unity of the German nation. The national flag of Germany consists of three bands of equal width, which have one national color apiece. The design and color scheme for the national flag first emerged during the early 1900s, changed to red, white and black between World War I and World War II, then returned to the original three colors following the end of World War II.
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  • On which continent is Germany located?

    Q: On which continent is Germany located?

    A: Germany is located in the central part of the European continent. Germany covers an area of 134,622 square miles, and it shares borders with nine other European countries: Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and Netherlands.
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  • Where is the Hummel Factory in Germany?

    Q: Where is the Hummel Factory in Germany?

    A: The world-famous Hummel figurines are produced by hand in the town of Rödental. This town is located in the Bavarian section of Germany. Hummels were first created in 1871 under the company name of Goebel Porzellanmanufaktur GmbH.
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  • What are the five largest cities in Germany?

    Q: What are the five largest cities in Germany?

    A: The five largest cities in Germany by population are Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne and Frankfurt. As of 2010, the population of each city is 3.46 million people for Berlin, 1.78 million people for Hamburg, 1.35 million people in Munich, 1 million people in Cologne and 679,664 people in Frankfurt. The amount of people per square kilometer is 3,899 in Berlin, 2,366 in Hamburg, 4,355 in Munich and 2,486 in Cologne.
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  • Why is the Black Forest called the Black Forest?

    Q: Why is the Black Forest called the Black Forest?

    A: The Black Forest in Germany derives its name from the once-abundant resources within its borders, which included wood, silver and ore. Although the Black Forest is heavily wooded, dark and dense, its name comes from the economic value found in its trees, soils and rocks.
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  • Where is Munich located?

    Q: Where is Munich located?

    A: Munich is located in southern Germany. It is the capital of Bavaria and is located around 30 miles north of the Alps mountain range. One of the cities main physical features is the Isar River, which flows through the city's center.
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  • What is Germany's national animal?

    Q: What is Germany's national animal?

    A: The eagle, depicted on Germany's national coat of arms, is also the country's official bird and animal symbol. Many other countries share the eagle as a national symbol, including the United States, Egypt and Austria.
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  • Q: What coin says "Deutrches Reich" on one side and "Reichspfennig" along with a "One" on the other?

    A: The 1 Reichspfennig coin was minted in Nazi Germany between 1936 and 1945. The obverse is struck with an eagle over a swastika and the phrase "Deutsches Reich." The reverse is marked with "Reichspfenning," the denomination and a cluster of oak leaves around the mint mark.
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  • Q: What type of government does modern Germany have?

    A: Germany's government is a parliamentary system with a democratic constitution based on a division of powers within a federal structure and protection of individual liberty. Executive power is exercised by the chancellor, while the duties of the president are mostly ceremonial. There is an independent federal judiciary that consists of a high court of justice, a constitutional court and separate courts with jurisdiction over financial, social, labor and administrative matters.
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  • What type of money is used in Germany?

    Q: What type of money is used in Germany?

    A: According to TripAdvisor, the Euro (€) is the primary currency of Germany. It replaced the Deutsche Mark (DM) on Jan. 1, 2002. The former currency is not accepted anywhere in Germany.
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  • Has the boundary of Germany ever changed?

    Q: Has the boundary of Germany ever changed?

    A: The boundaries of Germany have changed many times over its history due to war and expansion. The territory has been controlled by a variety of states and countries.
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  • What are the major landforms in Germany?

    Q: What are the major landforms in Germany?

    A: Germany's major landforms include the Zugspitze peak of the Bavarian Alps, the Rhine and Danube rivers, and the Rugen and Usedom islands. The lowland plains are also landforms that are an important part of Germany's landscape. They lie just north of Germany's coastlines of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.
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  • Q: What appears on a list of German products?

    A: A list of German products includes Levi Strauss jeans, Mercedes-Benz cars and Adidas shoes. Many well-known condiments also have their origin in Germany, such as Heinz ketchup and Hellmann's mayonnaise.
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  • What is the national sport of Germany?

    Q: What is the national sport of Germany?

    A: Soccer is the national sport in Germany. The early adoption of soccer in Germany started in the start of the 20th century, with soccer enthusiasts creating clubs and championships, despite the negative opinions of some within the country.
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  • Q: Where is Germany located?

    A: Germany is located in Western Europe and borders the North Sea between France and Poland. It shares boundaries with Denmark, Poland, the Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. Germany has a total area of 137,847 square miles, making it slightly smaller than Montana.
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