Europe

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Approximately 60 modern countries were formerly colonies of the British Empire. Notable modern countries among these include Australia, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, Nigeria, Malaysia, India, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and the United States. The empire was so vast that it spawned the saying, “The sun never sets on the British Empire.”

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  • What Countries Make up the Russian Federation?

    Q: What Countries Make up the Russian Federation?

    A: The Russian Federation is one country. Although the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR) consisted of multiple countries, with Russia being the most dominant, this no longer is the case.
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  • What Is the Name of the Capital City in Poland?

    Q: What Is the Name of the Capital City in Poland?

    A: Warsaw is the name of the capital city of Poland. Also Poland's largest city, this urban area of 1.7 million people sits on the Vistula River in eastern Poland.
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  • What Countries Made up the Former Yugoslavia?

    Q: What Countries Made up the Former Yugoslavia?

    A: Seven countries make up former Yugoslavian republics, including Bosnia and Herzegovnia, Montenegro, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Serbia, and Kosovo. Most of these republics became independent nations after ethnic cleansing and civil war swept through the former Yugoslavia during the early 1990s. The Dayton Accords in 1995 settled the conflict, and six independent countries emerged. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008.
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  • What Countries Are in Central Europe?

    Q: What Countries Are in Central Europe?

    A: The Central Europe Programme lists the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Ukraine as Central European countries. There is some disagreement, however, as to which countries should be classified as part of Central Europe.
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  • What Is the Smallest Country in Europe?

    Q: What Is the Smallest Country in Europe?

    A: The smallest country in Europe is Vatican City. The Vatican is only .2 square miles. It is not only the smallest country in Europe, but in the world.
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  • How Many Islands Does Greece Claim?

    Q: How Many Islands Does Greece Claim?

    A: Greece claims just over 6,000 islands. Located in the Ionian and Aegean seas, only 1,200 of Greece's islands are large enough for habitation. Of the 1,200, only 22 of them actually have inhabitants.
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  • What Is the World's Longest Town Name?

    Q: What Is the World's Longest Town Name?

    A: The Welsh town of Llanfair­pwllgwyn­gyllgo­gery­chwyrn­drobwll­llanty­silio­gogo­goch claims to have the longest name in Great Britain, and it is likely the longest town name in the world. In Welsh, the double L counts as a single letter, but even with that consideration, this town's name is 53 letters long, just five fewer characters than the name would have if both Ls are counted.
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  • What Happens If You Run Out of Gas on the Autobahn?

    Q: What Happens If You Run Out of Gas on the Autobahn?

    A: Because it is illegal to run out of gas on the Autobahn, drivers who find themselves in this predicament can be subject to fines. The Autobahn, Germany's legendary federal highway system, is known for its liberal approach to speed limits. This may explain why it is also illegal to walk on the Autobahn.
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  • What Do the Colors on the Greek Flag Mean?

    Q: What Do the Colors on the Greek Flag Mean?

    A: Blue and white on the Greek flag represent the sky and the sea. The sea is critical to Greek livelihood. Much of Greece's industry is related to the sea, hence the importance of the color blue to the Greeks. Scholars also believe that the blue and white of the Greek flag may also be associated with Greek gods or goddesses.
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  • Which Capital Cities Stand on the Danube River?

    Q: Which Capital Cities Stand on the Danube River?

    A: Four capital cities, Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest and Belgrade, reside on the Danube River. The Danube River is the second longest river in Europe after the Volga River. The Danube courses through 10 countries, spans thousands of miles and processes water from nearly 20 different countries, making it an important river to the European continent.
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  • What Countries Border Austria?

    Q: What Countries Border Austria?

    A: As of 2014, the countries that border Austria are the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria was once the center of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which fell apart after World War I.
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  • What Does the Spanish Flag Mean?

    Q: What Does the Spanish Flag Mean?

    A: The red and yellow colors contained in the Spanish flag represent the colors of the original Spanish kingdoms. The Spanish flag also contains a coat of arms containing the Pillars of Hercules, which are meant to represent Gibraltar and Cueta.
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  • What Countries Make up the Balkans?

    Q: What Countries Make up the Balkans?

    A: The Balkans are usually characterized as the countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. However, Italy, Greece and Turkey also have significant populations on the Balkan Peninsula.
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  • Where Is Pompeii Located?

    Q: Where Is Pompeii Located?

    A: The remains of Pompeii are located 14 miles from Naples, in the Italian region of Campania. The ancient city of Pompeii lays at the southeastern base of Mount Vesuvius before its eruption.
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  • What Countries Make up Continental Europe?

    Q: What Countries Make up Continental Europe?

    A: Continental Europe is made up of every country in Europe except the Channel Islands, Iceland, Ireland, the UK and the Isle of Man. In Europe, continental Europe is often referred to as mainland Europe.
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  • What Are Some European Landforms?

    Q: What Are Some European Landforms?

    A: Some major landforms of Europe include the Alps, Balkan Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, Danube River and Northern European Lowlands. The landforms that create the boundary between Europe and Asia include the Bosporus, Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains and Ural River.
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  • What Is the Landscape Like in Spain?

    Q: What Is the Landscape Like in Spain?

    A: Spain's landscape is a mix between a hilly region with mountain ranges and a low, flat, narrow coastal plain. The coastal plain separates the mountainous region from the surrounding bodies of water.
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  • Where Is Vienna Located?

    Q: Where Is Vienna Located?

    A: Vienna is a city that is located in the country of Austria. Vienna lies close to the borders of Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia. Vienna is the capital city as well as one of nine states within the country.
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  • What Are the 10 Highest Mountains in Europe?

    Q: What Are the 10 Highest Mountains in Europe?

    A: The 10 highest mountains in Europe measured in meters are Elbrus (5,642), Rustaveli (5,201), Dykh-Tau (5,198), Kazbek (5,047), Mont Bianco/Mont Blanc (4,807), Klyuchevskaya (4,750), Ushba (4,710), Monte Rosa (4,634), Dom (4,545) and the Matterhorn/Cervino (4,479). Measurements are approximate since variations occur according to seasonal depths of snow and ice.
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  • What Is the Netherlands Famous For?

    Q: What Is the Netherlands Famous For?

    A: The Netherlands is famous for its wooden clogs, windmills, Gouda cheese, tulips and canals. Tourists flock to Noordoostpolder each spring to view the vibrant tulips at the Tulip Festival.
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  • What Is the Largest City in Europe?

    Q: What Is the Largest City in Europe?

    A: The largest city in Europe is the Russian city of Moscow, or Moskva, with a population of 8,297,000 as of 2014. If Turkey, which bridges Europe and Asia, is counted as part of Europe, then the largest city becomes Istanbul, which has a population of more than 12 million.
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