Europe

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The Eiffel Tower is 1,063 feet tall. It stands as France's symbol in the world and the showcase of Paris. Designed by Gustave Eiffel, the tower was built for the 1889 Exposition Universelle in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution.

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  • What Is the Highest Mountain in Europe?

    Q: What Is the Highest Mountain in Europe?

    A: The highest mountain in Europe is Mount Elbrus, located in Russia near the border with Georgia. There are two main peaks of Mount Elbrus at 18,442 feet and 18,510 feet. Both peaks are the tops of dormant volcanoes.
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  • Which Airport Is the Biggest in Europe?

    Q: Which Airport Is the Biggest in Europe?

    A: As of 2014, London Heathrow is the biggest airport in Europe, based on passenger volume. In 2013, 72 million air travelers passed through Heathrow, an increase of 3.3 percent from the previous year. The second largest airport in Europe is Charles de Gaulle in Paris.
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  • What Are the Five Mountain Ranges in Spain?

    Q: What Are the Five Mountain Ranges in Spain?

    A: Mountain ranges in Spain include the Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica, Sistema Iberico, Sierra de Cuenca, Montes de Toledo, Serrania de Cuenca, Cordillera Betica and Sierra Nevada. The Pyrenees Mountains are located on the border of Spain and France. The highest peak in the range is Pico de Aneto, which rises over 11,154.9 feet above sea level.
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  • What Countries Make up the Russian Federation?

    Q: What Countries Make up the Russian Federation?

    A: The Russian Federation is one country. Although the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR) consisted of multiple countries, with Russia being the most dominant, this no longer is the case.
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  • What Countries Make up the Balkans?

    Q: What Countries Make up the Balkans?

    A: The Balkans are usually characterized as the countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. However, Italy, Greece and Turkey also have significant populations on the Balkan Peninsula.
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  • What Is the Climate in Sweden?

    Q: What Is the Climate in Sweden?

    A: The climate of Sweden varies, with air currents produced by the Atlantic Ocean make the western coast and southern region of Sweden temperate, moist and mild while the northernmost areas and eastern border experience much colder temperatures year-round. Most of Sweden has four distinct seasons, with more precipitation, higher temperatures and longer periods of sunlight during the summer months.
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  • What Is the Largest City in Europe?

    Q: What Is the Largest City in Europe?

    A: The largest city in Europe is the Russian city of Moscow, or Moskva, with a population of 8,297,000 as of 2014. If Turkey, which bridges Europe and Asia, is counted as part of Europe, then the largest city becomes Istanbul, which has a population of more than 12 million.
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  • What Two Mountain Ranges Separate Europe and Asia?

    Q: What Two Mountain Ranges Separate Europe and Asia?

    A: The Urals and the Caucasus are the two mountain ranges that separate the continents of Europe and Asia. The Ural Mountains run through Russia from the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River, which is located at the border between Russia and Kazakhstan.
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  • Why Is Ireland Called the Emerald Island?

    Q: Why Is Ireland Called the Emerald Island?

    A: Ireland is called the Emerald Island, or “Emerald Isle,” because of its lush, green countryside. The poet William Drennan (1754 – 1820) first gave Ireland the nickname in his poem “When Erin first rose.” The Atlantic Ocean is the main influence on Ireland’s weather patterns, and the abundant rainfall it causes nourishes the county’s flora.
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  • What Is Amsterdam Famous For?

    Q: What Is Amsterdam Famous For?

    A: Amsterdam is famous for its sizable system of canals, its Red Light District and its marijuana-dispensing coffee shops. Amsterdam is known as a tolerant, progressive city with a diverse culture and an active nightlife.
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  • What Happens If You Run Out of Gas on the Autobahn?

    Q: What Happens If You Run Out of Gas on the Autobahn?

    A: Because it is illegal to run out of gas on the Autobahn, drivers who find themselves in this predicament can be subject to fines. The Autobahn, Germany's legendary federal highway system, is known for its liberal approach to speed limits. This may explain why it is also illegal to walk on the Autobahn.
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  • What Is the Climate Like in Ireland?

    Q: What Is the Climate Like in Ireland?

    A: Ireland has a temperate oceanic climate heavily influenced by the country's close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The average temperature is 50 F. The climate is mild and moist with plenty of rainfall and no extreme variances in temperature.
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  • How Did Europe Get Its Name?

    Q: How Did Europe Get Its Name?

    A: While some people believe that the origins of the name "Europe" can be traced back to the Greek myth of Zeus and Europa, there is a centuries-old lack of consensus on this topic. Even the ancient Greek historian Herodotus seemed unsure of how Europe got its name, though he did doubt that the story of Zeus and Europa was the answer.
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  • Where Is It Common to Leave Kids Outside While Eating at a Restaurant?

    Q: Where Is It Common to Leave Kids Outside While Eating at a Restaurant?

    A: It is common practice for Danish parents to leave young children outdoors as they eat, drink or shop; this is done so the child can be exposed to 'frisk luft,' or fresh air. In cities in Denmark, including Copenhagen, the capital city, it is not uncommon to see strollers sitting on the curb outside the windows of coffee shops, bars, restaurants, stores and other public establishments. The aim of this practice is to allow the kids to get fresh air, which is thought to be healthy and to contribute to the child's development.
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  • What Countries Make up the Baltic States?

    Q: What Countries Make up the Baltic States?

    A: The countries that make up the Baltic states are Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, running from north to south. These states were a part of the Russian Empire until 1920 after having declared independence in 1918. After the Second World War, the three countries became part of the Soviet Union.
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  • What Is the Capital of Monaco?

    Q: What Is the Capital of Monaco?

    A: The country of Monaco is a sovereign-city state and has a capital that holds the same name as the country. At only 0.8 square miles, Monaco is the one of the smallest countries in the world, second only to the Vatican.
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  • How Many Countries Are There in Europe?

    Q: How Many Countries Are There in Europe?

    A: There are 48 countries within Europe when qualifying the United Kingdom as a single entity. If the countries that comprise the United Kingdom are counted separately, there are 51 countries in Europe.
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  • Why Do Children Stay up so Late in Spain?

    Q: Why Do Children Stay up so Late in Spain?

    A: Culturally, it is more common for Spanish families, including the children, to stay up later than other countries. Meal times and television programming might also cause children to stay up late.
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  • What Is the Largest Island in the World?

    Q: What Is the Largest Island in the World?

    A: Though Australia is larger than Greenland, Greenland is considered the world's largest island. Australia is considered a continent, so it's technically not an island, geographically-speaking. Australia is the smallest continent in the world, but if it were to be considered an island, other landmasses like Antarctica would also be considered in the ranking.
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  • What Are Some Traits of Iceland's Geography?

    Q: What Are Some Traits of Iceland's Geography?

    A: Iceland is a volcanic island country that has an area of 39,768 square miles and 3,088 miles of coastline. Its highest point is Hvannadalshnukur at 6,922 feet. It has a rugged landscape with sulphur beds, hot springs, lava fields, geysers, waterfalls and canyons dotting it. Iceland is a very volcanic region with approximately 200 volcanoes, the majority of which are active. The interior of Iceland is mostly an elevated plateau.
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  • Which Capital Cities Stand on the Danube River?

    Q: Which Capital Cities Stand on the Danube River?

    A: Four capital cities, Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest and Belgrade, reside on the Danube River. The Danube River is the second longest river in Europe after the Volga River. The Danube courses through 10 countries, spans thousands of miles and processes water from nearly 20 different countries, making it an important river to the European continent.
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