As of 2014, London Heathrow is the biggest airport in Europe, based on passenger volume. In 2013, 72 million air travelers passed through Heathrow, an increase of 3.3 percent from the previous year. The second largest airport in Europe is Charles de Gaulle in Paris.
The climate of Sweden varies, with air currents produced by the Atlantic Ocean make the western coast and southern region of Sweden temperate, moist and mild while the northernmost areas and eastern border experience much colder temperatures year-round. Most of Sweden has four distinct seasons, with more precipitation, higher temperatures and longer periods of sunlight during the summer months.
Mountain ranges in Spain include the Pyrenees, Cordillera Cantabrica, Sistema Iberico, Sierra de Cuenca, Montes de Toledo, Serrania de Cuenca, Cordillera Betica and Sierra Nevada. The Pyrenees Mountains are located on the border of Spain and France. The highest peak in the range is Pico de Aneto, which rises over 11,154.9 feet above sea level.
The Central Europe Programme lists the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland, Hungary, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Ukraine as Central European countries. There is some disagreement, however, as to which countries should be classified as part of Central Europe.
While some people believe that the origins of the name "Europe" can be traced back to the Greek myth of Zeus and Europa, there is a centuries-old lack of consensus on this topic. Even the ancient Greek historian Herodotus seemed unsure of how Europe got its name, though he did doubt that the story of Zeus and Europa was the answer.
The national costume of Spain is generally considered the Andalusian-style dress, which is referred to as the flamenco. Traditional Spanish fashion during the 16th century combined heavy fabrics with decorative styles influenced by the Moorish occupation of the peninsula.
European countries that are not part of the European Union include Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Albania, Switzerland, Turkey, Russia, Macedonia and Montenegro. Of these, two countries, Russia and Turkey, straddle Europe and Asia.
As of 2014, there are 48 countries within Europe when qualifying the United Kingdom as a single entity. If the countries that comprise the United Kingdom are counted separately, there are 51 countries in Europe.
As of 2014, the countries that border Austria are the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria was once the center of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which fell apart after World War I.
In spite of its name, Greenland is not a very green land. There is some evidence that Greenland may have been green hundreds of thousands of years ago, but today the country is mostly covered in ice.
Cyprus is an island nation located in the Mediterranean Sea in Europe. The Republic of Cyprus has been a member of the European Union since 2004, and the island country has a population of approximately 800,000 inhabitants.
The remains of Pompeii are located 14 miles from Naples, in the Italian region of Campania. The ancient city of Pompeii lays at the southeastern base of Mount Vesuvius before its eruption.
The Balkans are usually characterized as the countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. However, Italy, Greece and Turkey also have significant populations on the Balkan Peninsula.
Vienna is a city that is located in the country of Austria. Vienna lies close to the borders of Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia. Vienna is the capital city as well as one of nine states within the country.
The Ural Mountains is the primary mountain range that divides Europe and Asia. The mountains stretch a distance of over 1,550 miles from the Arctic Ocean in the north almost to the Caspian and Aral Seas in the south.
Major landforms in Spain include the Meseta Plateau, which covers 45 percent of the country, the Andalusian Plain in the southeast, the Pyrenees Mountains that define the border between Spain and France, and the Ebro River Basin in the northeast. Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula.
Some major landforms of Europe include the Alps, Balkan Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, Danube River and Northern European Lowlands. The landforms that create the boundary between Europe and Asia include the Bosporus, Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains and Ural River.
Bosnia, or officially, Bosnia and Herzegovina, is located in the southeast of Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. To the north and west of the country is Croatia, to the east is Serbia and to the south is Montenegro. The Adriatic Sea is located in the southwest of the country, and Italy is across the sea.
The Urals and the Caucasus are the two mountain ranges that separate the continents of Europe and Asia. The Ural Mountains run through Russia from the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River, which is located at the border between Russia and Kazakhstan.
Mount Olympus was home to the majority of the pantheon of Greek gods. Other Greek gods lived on the Earth, in the oceans, in the sky, in Tartarus or in Elysium.
Italians were the first Europeans to master fireworks, though it is believed that fireworks originated in China roughly 2,000 years ago. Many credit Marco Polo with bringing gunpowder back to Italy after his travels on the Silk Road during the 13th century.
Soviet satellite states are the countries that remained occupied by the Soviet Union at the end of World War II and had their governments replaced by governments based on the Soviet model. These countries included Albania, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and East Germany. The term "satellite" was applied because in the view of the West, these were countries effectively caught in the "orbit" of the communist superpower.