Europe

A:

The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. According to Visit Scotland, the region known as Edinburgh and the Lothians includes both the urban capital city and the nearby rural countryside.

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  • What is the climate like in Ireland?

    Q: What is the climate like in Ireland?

    A: Ireland has a temperate oceanic climate heavily influenced by the country's close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The average temperature is 50 F. The climate is mild and moist with plenty of rainfall and no extreme variances in temperature.
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  • What is the landscape like in Spain?

    Q: What is the landscape like in Spain?

    A: Spain's landscape is a mix between a hilly region with mountain ranges and a low, flat, narrow coastal plain. The coastal plain separates the mountainous region from the surrounding bodies of water.
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  • What are Soviet satellite states?

    Q: What are Soviet satellite states?

    A: Soviet satellite states are the countries that remained occupied by the Soviet Union at the end of World War II and had their governments replaced by governments based on the Soviet model. These countries included Albania, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and East Germany. The term "satellite" was applied because in the view of the West, these were countries effectively caught in the "orbit" of the communist superpower.
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  • When did Spain gain independence?

    Q: When did Spain gain independence?

    A: According to the CIA World Factbook, Spain became independent in 1492. The Iberian Peninsula, on which Spain is located, was formerly occupied by a loose scattering of kingdoms. This lasted until the eighth century A.D., when Muslim forces conquered the area.
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  • What countries are considered to be in northern Europe?

    Q: What countries are considered to be in northern Europe?

    A: The countries considered to comprise northern Europe are: Iceland, Ireland, the United Kingdom, the Faroe Islands, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Iceland, the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Faroe Islands are separate island nations that are located on the western side of northern Europe. Norway, Sweden and Finland are the geographically largest northern European nations and border each other between the Norwegian Sea and mainland Russia.
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  • Who were the first Europeans to master fireworks?

    Q: Who were the first Europeans to master fireworks?

    A: Italians were the first Europeans to master fireworks, though it is believed that fireworks originated in China roughly 2,000 years ago. Many credit Marco Polo with bringing gunpowder back to Italy after his travels on the Silk Road during the 13th century.
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  • What is the largest island in the world?

    Q: What is the largest island in the world?

    A: Though Australia is larger than Greenland, Greenland is considered the world's largest island. Australia is considered a continent, so it's technically not an island, geographically-speaking. Australia is the smallest continent in the world, but if it were to be considered an island, other landmasses like Antarctica would also be considered in the ranking.
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  • Is Cyprus in Europe?

    Q: Is Cyprus in Europe?

    A: Cyprus is an island nation located in the Mediterranean Sea in Europe. The Republic of Cyprus has been a member of the European Union since 2004, and the island country has a population of approximately 800,000 inhabitants.
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  • Where is Vienna located?

    Q: Where is Vienna located?

    A: Vienna is a city that is located in the country of Austria. Vienna lies close to the borders of Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia. Vienna is the capital city as well as one of nine states within the country.
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  • What is the national costume of Spain?

    Q: What is the national costume of Spain?

    A: The national costume of Spain is generally considered the Andalusian-style dress, which is referred to as the flamenco. Traditional Spanish fashion during the 16th century combined heavy fabrics with decorative styles influenced by the Moorish occupation of the peninsula.
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  • What countries make up the Balkans?

    Q: What countries make up the Balkans?

    A: The Balkans are usually characterized as the countries of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia. However, Italy, Greece and Turkey also have significant populations on the Balkan Peninsula.
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  • What is the Netherlands famous for?

    Q: What is the Netherlands famous for?

    A: The Netherlands is famous for its wooden clogs, windmills, Gouda cheese, tulips and canals. Tourists flock to Noordoostpolder each spring to view the vibrant tulips at the Tulip Festival.
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  • What countries made up the former Yugoslavia?

    Q: What countries made up the former Yugoslavia?

    A: As of 2014, seven countries make up former Yugoslavian republics, including Bosnia and Herzegovnia, Montenegro, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Serbia and Kosovo. Most of these republics became independent nations after ethnic cleansing and civil war swept through the former Yugoslavia during the early 1990s. The Dayton Accords in 1995 settled the conflict, and six independent countries emerged. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008.
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  • Which mountain range separates Europe from Asia?

    Q: Which mountain range separates Europe from Asia?

    A: The Ural Mountains and the Caucasus Mountains separate Europe from Asia. These two mountain ranges form a distinct border between Europe and Asia.
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  • Where is Monaco located?

    Q: Where is Monaco located?

    A: The tiny country of Monaco is located in western Europe on France's southeastern coast, bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The absolute location is 43 degrees 44 minutes north latitude and 7 degrees 25 minutes east longitude.
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  • Why is Norway called the Land of the Midnight Sun?

    Q: Why is Norway called the Land of the Midnight Sun?

    A: Norway is called the Land of the Midnight Sun because the sun never dips entirely below the horizon between late May and late July. During the summer months, areas located north of the Arctic Circle experience nearly perpetual daylight; these areas may see up to 20 hours of sunlight during the time of the midnight sun, but experience long periods of darkness during the winter.
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  • Is Greenland actually green?

    Q: Is Greenland actually green?

    A: In spite of its name, Greenland is not a very green land. There is some evidence that Greenland may have been green hundreds of thousands of years ago, but today the country is mostly covered in ice.
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  • What countries make up the Russian Federation?

    Q: What countries make up the Russian Federation?

    A: The Russian Federation is one country. Although the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR) consisted of multiple countries, with Russia being the most dominant, this no longer is the case.
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  • Where is Sweden located?

    Q: Where is Sweden located?

    A: Sweden is located in Northern Europe, along with other Scandinavian countries like Norway and Finland. It is the third-largest country that is a member of the European Union, with a total area of around 280,000 square miles.
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  • What are the 10 highest mountains in Europe?

    Q: What are the 10 highest mountains in Europe?

    A: The 10 highest mountains in Europe measured in meters are Elbrus (5,642), Rustaveli (5,201), Dykh-Tau (5,198), Kazbek (5,047), Mont Bianco/Mont Blanc (4,807), Klyuchevskaya (4,750), Ushba (4,710), Monte Rosa (4,634), Dom (4,545) and the Matterhorn/Cervino (4,479). Measurements are approximate since variations occur according to seasonal depths of snow and ice.
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  • What are some of the major landforms in Sweden?

    Q: What are some of the major landforms in Sweden?

    A: Sweden's landforms include mountains, forests and plains. Other Swedish landforms include islands, beaches and reefs. The country also has many lakes and rivers flowing through it.
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