Europe

A:

The city of London, England has an area of 611 square miles and a population of 8,416,535 as of 2014. It is the capital city of both England and the United Kingdom.

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  • Which airport is the biggest in Europe?

    Q: Which airport is the biggest in Europe?

    A: As of 2014, London Heathrow is the biggest airport in Europe, based on passenger volume. In 2013, 72 million air travelers passed through Heathrow, an increase of 3.3 percent from the previous year. The second largest airport in Europe is Charles de Gaulle in Paris.
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  • When did Spain gain independence?

    Q: When did Spain gain independence?

    A: According to the CIA World Factbook, Spain became independent in 1492. The Iberian Peninsula, on which Spain is located, was formerly occupied by a loose scattering of kingdoms. This lasted until the eighth century A.D., when Muslim forces conquered the area.
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  • What is the name of the capital city in Poland?

    Q: What is the name of the capital city in Poland?

    A: Warsaw is the name of the capital city of Poland. Also Poland's largest city, this urban area of 1.7 million people sits on the Vistula River in eastern Poland.
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  • What two mountain ranges separate Europe and Asia?

    Q: What two mountain ranges separate Europe and Asia?

    A: The Urals and the Caucasus are the two mountain ranges that separate the continents of Europe and Asia. The Ural Mountains run through Russia from the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River, which is located at the border between Russia and Kazakhstan.
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  • What is the difference between Dutch and Danish?

    Q: What is the difference between Dutch and Danish?

    A: Dutch and Danish are two different Germanic languages that may seem similar. Dutch is spoken in the Netherlands and Danish is spoken in Denmark.
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  • What do you call people from Spain?

    Q: What do you call people from Spain?

    A: People from Spain are commonly called Spanish or Spaniards. Spain, Spanish and Spaniard all derive from the Latin word "Hispania," a term Romans used to describe the Iberian peninsula. There have been human settlements in the Iberian peninsula since the Neolithic era, as early as 30,000 to 40,000 years ago.
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  • What is Constantinople called today?

    Q: What is Constantinople called today?

    A: In modern times, Constantinople is called Istanbul. The name "Istanbul" derives from a Greek phrase that means "into the city." The name was adopted by the Turkish-speaking Ottoman Empire and then by the Republic of Turkey.
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  • Which capital cities stand on the Danube River?

    Q: Which capital cities stand on the Danube River?

    A: Four capital cities, Vienna, Bratislava, Budapest and Belgrade, reside on the Danube River. The Danube River is the second longest river in Europe after the Volga River. The Danube courses through 10 countries, spans thousands of miles and processes water from nearly 20 different countries, making it an important river to the European continent.
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  • Where is Sweden located?

    Q: Where is Sweden located?

    A: Sweden is located in Northern Europe, along with other Scandinavian countries like Norway and Finland. It is the third-largest country that is a member of the European Union, with a total area of around 280,000 square miles.
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  • What countries made up the former Yugoslavia?

    Q: What countries made up the former Yugoslavia?

    A: Seven countries make up former Yugoslavian republics, including Bosnia and Herzegovnia, Montenegro, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Serbia, and Kosovo. Most of these republics became independent nations after ethnic cleansing and civil war swept through the former Yugoslavia during the early 1990s. The Dayton Accords in 1995 settled the conflict, and six independent countries emerged. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008.
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  • What are some traits of Iceland's geography?

    Q: What are some traits of Iceland's geography?

    A: Iceland is a volcanic island country that has an area of 39,768 square miles and 3,088 miles of coastline. Its highest point is Hvannadalshnukur at 6,922 feet. It has a rugged landscape with sulphur beds, hot springs, lava fields, geysers, waterfalls and canyons dotting it. Iceland is a very volcanic region with approximately 200 volcanoes, the majority of which are active. The interior of Iceland is mostly an elevated plateau.
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  • What are the 10 highest mountains in Europe?

    Q: What are the 10 highest mountains in Europe?

    A: The 10 highest mountains in Europe measured in meters are Elbrus (5,642), Rustaveli (5,201), Dykh-Tau (5,198), Kazbek (5,047), Mont Bianco/Mont Blanc (4,807), Klyuchevskaya (4,750), Ushba (4,710), Monte Rosa (4,634), Dom (4,545) and the Matterhorn/Cervino (4,479). Measurements are approximate since variations occur according to seasonal depths of snow and ice.
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  • What countries are considered to be in northern Europe?

    Q: What countries are considered to be in northern Europe?

    A: The countries considered to comprise northern Europe are: Iceland, Ireland, the United Kingdom, the Faroe Islands, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Iceland, the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Faroe Islands are separate island nations that are located on the western side of northern Europe. Norway, Sweden and Finland are the geographically largest northern European nations and border each other between the Norwegian Sea and mainland Russia.
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  • What are some European landforms?

    Q: What are some European landforms?

    A: Some major landforms of Europe include the Alps, Balkan Peninsula, Iberian Peninsula, Danube River and Northern European Lowlands. The landforms that create the boundary between Europe and Asia include the Bosporus, Dardanelles, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains and Ural River.
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  • What countries border Austria?

    Q: What countries border Austria?

    A: As of 2014, the countries that border Austria are the Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria was once the center of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which fell apart after World War I.
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  • What countries make up the Russian Federation?

    Q: What countries make up the Russian Federation?

    A: The Russian Federation is one country. Although the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR) consisted of multiple countries, with Russia being the most dominant, this no longer is the case.
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  • What do the colors on the Greek flag mean?

    Q: What do the colors on the Greek flag mean?

    A: Blue and white on the Greek flag represent the sky and the sea. The sea is critical to Greek livelihood. Much of Greece's industry is related to the sea, hence the importance of the color blue to the Greeks. Scholars also believe that the blue and white of the Greek flag may also be associated with Greek gods or goddesses.
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  • Which mountain range separates Europe from Asia?

    Q: Which mountain range separates Europe from Asia?

    A: The Ural Mountains and the Caucasus Mountains separate Europe from Asia. These two mountain ranges form a distinct border between Europe and Asia.
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  • How many islands does Greece claim?

    Q: How many islands does Greece claim?

    A: Greece claims just over 6,000 islands. Located in the Ionian and Aegean seas, only 1,200 of Greece's islands are large enough for habitation. Of the 1,200, only 22 of them actually have inhabitants.
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  • What is the smallest country in Europe?

    Q: What is the smallest country in Europe?

    A: The smallest country in Europe is Vatican City. The Vatican is only .2 square miles. It is not only the smallest country in Europe, but in the world.
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  • Which European countries are not part of the EU?

    Q: Which European countries are not part of the EU?

    A: European countries that are not part of the European Union include Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Albania, Switzerland, Turkey, Russia, Macedonia and Montenegro. Of these, two countries, Russia and Turkey, straddle Europe and Asia.
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