Europe

A:

Approximately 60 modern countries were formerly colonies of the British Empire. Notable modern countries among these include Australia, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, Nigeria, Malaysia, India, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and the United States. The empire was so vast that it spawned the saying, “The sun never sets on the British Empire.”

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  • Where is Bosnia located?

    Q: Where is Bosnia located?

    A: Bosnia, or officially, Bosnia and Herzegovina, is located in the southeast of Europe on the Balkan Peninsula. To the north and west of the country is Croatia, to the east is Serbia and to the south is Montenegro. The Adriatic Sea is located in the southwest of the country, and Italy is across the sea.
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  • What is the landscape like in Spain?

    Q: What is the landscape like in Spain?

    A: Spain's landscape is a mix between a hilly region with mountain ranges and a low, flat, narrow coastal plain. The coastal plain separates the mountainous region from the surrounding bodies of water.
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  • What are some of the major landforms in Sweden?

    Q: What are some of the major landforms in Sweden?

    A: Sweden's landforms include mountains, forests and plains. Other Swedish landforms include islands, beaches and reefs. The country also has many lakes and rivers flowing through it.
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  • What two mountain ranges separate Europe and Asia?

    Q: What two mountain ranges separate Europe and Asia?

    A: The Urals and the Caucasus are the two mountain ranges that separate the continents of Europe and Asia. The Ural Mountains run through Russia from the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River, which is located at the border between Russia and Kazakhstan.
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  • Why is Ireland called the Emerald Island?

    Q: Why is Ireland called the Emerald Island?

    A: Ireland is called the Emerald Island, or “Emerald Isle,” because of its lush, green countryside. The poet William Drennan (1754 – 1820) first gave Ireland the nickname in his poem “When Erin first rose.” The Atlantic Ocean is the main influence on Ireland’s weather patterns, and the abundant rainfall it causes nourishes the county’s flora.
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  • What countries surround Switzerland?

    Q: What countries surround Switzerland?

    A: Switzerland is surrounded by five countries: Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Lichtenstein. It is a landlocked country located in the center of Western Europe. Switzerland has an area of almost 16,000 square miles, and its border extends 1,100 miles.
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  • What countries make up the Baltic states?

    Q: What countries make up the Baltic states?

    A: The countries that make up the Baltic states are Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, running from north to south. These states were a part of the Russian Empire until 1920 after having declared independence in 1918. After the Second World War, the three countries became part of the Soviet Union.
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  • What is the world's longest town name?

    Q: What is the world's longest town name?

    A: The Welsh town of Llanfair­pwllgwyn­gyllgo­gery­chwyrn­drobwll­llanty­silio­gogo­goch claims to have the longest name in Great Britain, and it is likely the longest town name in the world. In Welsh, the double L counts as a single letter, but even with that consideration, this town's name is 53 letters long, just five fewer characters than the name would have if both Ls are counted.
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  • What is Constantinople called today?

    Q: What is Constantinople called today?

    A: In modern times, Constantinople is called Istanbul. The name "Istanbul" derives from a Greek phrase that means "into the city." The name was adopted by the Turkish-speaking Ottoman Empire and then by the Republic of Turkey.
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  • What is the national costume of Spain?

    Q: What is the national costume of Spain?

    A: The national costume of Spain is generally considered the Andalusian-style dress, which is referred to as the flamenco. Traditional Spanish fashion during the 16th century combined heavy fabrics with decorative styles influenced by the Moorish occupation of the peninsula.
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  • What happens if you run out of gas on the Autobahn?

    Q: What happens if you run out of gas on the Autobahn?

    A: Because it is illegal to run out of gas on the Autobahn, drivers who find themselves in this predicament can be subject to fines. The Autobahn, Germany's legendary federal highway system, is known for its liberal approach to speed limits. This may explain why it is also illegal to walk on the Autobahn.
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  • Why is Norway called the Land of the Midnight Sun?

    Q: Why is Norway called the Land of the Midnight Sun?

    A: Norway is called the Land of the Midnight Sun because the sun never dips entirely below the horizon between late May and late July. During the summer months, areas located north of the Arctic Circle experience nearly perpetual daylight; these areas may see up to 20 hours of sunlight during the time of the midnight sun, but experience long periods of darkness during the winter.
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  • Where is Navarone located?

    Q: Where is Navarone located?

    A: Navarone is an island off the coast of Greece. It is more commonly known as the island of Leros and is a historical World War II site.
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  • What is Amsterdam famous for?

    Q: What is Amsterdam famous for?

    A: Amsterdam is famous for its sizable system of canals, its Red Light District and its marijuana-dispensing coffee shops. Amsterdam is known as a tolerant, progressive city with a diverse culture and an active nightlife.
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  • What countries made up the former Yugoslavia?

    Q: What countries made up the former Yugoslavia?

    A: As of 2014, seven countries make up former Yugoslavian republics, including Bosnia and Herzegovnia, Montenegro, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, Serbia and Kosovo. Most of these republics became independent nations after ethnic cleansing and civil war swept through the former Yugoslavia during the early 1990s. The Dayton Accords in 1995 settled the conflict, and six independent countries emerged. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia in 2008.
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  • Where is Sweden located?

    Q: Where is Sweden located?

    A: Sweden is located in Northern Europe, along with other Scandinavian countries like Norway and Finland. It is the third-largest country that is a member of the European Union, with a total area of around 280,000 square miles.
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  • What is the difference between Dutch and Danish?

    Q: What is the difference between Dutch and Danish?

    A: Dutch and Danish are two different Germanic languages that may seem similar. Dutch is spoken in the Netherlands and Danish is spoken in Denmark.
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  • What is the largest island in the world?

    Q: What is the largest island in the world?

    A: Though Australia is larger than Greenland, Greenland is considered the world's largest island. Australia is considered a continent, so it's technically not an island, geographically-speaking. Australia is the smallest continent in the world, but if it were to be considered an island, other landmasses like Antarctica would also be considered in the ranking.
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  • Where is it common to leave kids outside while eating at a restaurant?

    Q: Where is it common to leave kids outside while eating at a restaurant?

    A: It is common practice for Danish parents to leave young children outdoors as they eat, drink or shop; this is done so the child can be exposed to 'frisk luft,' or fresh air. In cities in Denmark, including Copenhagen, the capital city, it is not uncommon to see strollers sitting on the curb outside the windows of coffee shops, bars, restaurants, stores and other public establishments. The aim of this practice is to allow the kids to get fresh air, which is thought to be healthy and to contribute to the child's development.
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  • When did Spain gain independence?

    Q: When did Spain gain independence?

    A: According to the CIA World Factbook, Spain became independent in 1492. The Iberian Peninsula, on which Spain is located, was formerly occupied by a loose scattering of kingdoms. This lasted until the eighth century A.D., when Muslim forces conquered the area.
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  • What is the smallest country in Europe?

    Q: What is the smallest country in Europe?

    A: The smallest country in Europe is Vatican City. The Vatican is only .2 square miles. It is not only the smallest country in Europe, but in the world.
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