Canada

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Canada Day, celebrated every year on July 1, is a Canadian federal holiday that celebrates the enactment of the British North America Act of 1867. The act united three colonies into a single country within the British Empire, and named that country Canada.

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  • What is the national bird of Canada?

    Q: What is the national bird of Canada?

    A: According to the Orillia Packet and Times, Canada has no national bird as of 2011. The Canadian Raptor Conservancy has attempted to lobby the government to adopt a national bird, offering the red-tailed hawk and Canada goose as possible choices.
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  • What kind of animals live in Canada?

    Q: What kind of animals live in Canada?

    A: Beavers, polar bears, geese and moose are among a few of the more common animals living in Canada. Beavers are semi-aquatic mammals that are important in Canada's history. Polar bears are a vulnerable species living in Canada's far north. Approximately 200 mammal species live in Canada.
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  • What is the official currency of Canada?

    Q: What is the official currency of Canada?

    A: The official currency of Canada is the Canadian dollar. It is denoted by the codes "CAD" and "C." A Canadian dollar is equivalent to 100 Canadian cents.
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  • What is the longest river in Canada?

    Q: What is the longest river in Canada?

    A: The Mackenzie River is 1,080 miles in length, making it the longest river in Canada and the second longest river in North America. The Mackenzie River System includes 42 tributaries that, combined with the main stem, total 2,635 miles in length.
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  • What goods does Canada export?

    Q: What goods does Canada export?

    A: Canada is the exporter of many goods, the majority being energy products such as oil and natural gas, and metals and minerals. Almost 25 percent of Canada's exports are energy products while metals and minerals comprise more than 15 percent of Canada exports.
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  • What do Canadians eat for breakfast?

    Q: What do Canadians eat for breakfast?

    A: Angloinfo Canada states that most Canadians typically eat bread, toast, cold cereal, granola bars, fruit or yogurt for breakfast. French Canadians often have a more European-style breakfast that consists of bread, pastries and cheese. Other Canadians may have more hearty breakfasts, such as bacon and eggs.
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  • In which two hemispheres is Canada located?

    Q: In which two hemispheres is Canada located?

    A: Canada is located in the northern hemisphere by latitudinal measurements and in the western hemisphere by longitudinal measurements. Because a small portion of Alaska's Aleutian Islands extends into the eastern hemisphere, Canada is the largest country entirely contained in this quarter of the globe.
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  • What is the geography of the Inuit people?

    Q: What is the geography of the Inuit people?

    A: Geographically, the Inuit people are spread out across the Arctic. In Canada, the Inuit reside in the provinces of Newfoundland, Labrador and Quebec as well as in the Northwest Territories. In Alaska, they reside above the tree line. Another geographical location of the Inuit is in Russia.
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  • When did Canada become a country?

    Q: When did Canada become a country?

    A: Canada became a country on July 1, 1867. The British North America Act joined the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into the Dominion of Canada. With this act, the dominion remained a British colony but was self-governing. Canada became increasingly autonomous over the next century.
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  • What are Quebec's natural resources?

    Q: What are Quebec's natural resources?

    A: Quebec has an abundance of natural resources, including its forests, mines and renewable energy. It also has over a million lakes and rivers, which occupy 21 percent of Quebec.
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  • What is the capital of Quebec?

    Q: What is the capital of Quebec?

    A: The capital of the Canadian province of Quebec is Quebec City. It is the second-most populous city in the province after Montreal. The city was founded in 1608 at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Saint Charles rivers, making it one of the oldest in northern North America.
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  • What are the natural vegetation zones of Canada?

    Q: What are the natural vegetation zones of Canada?

    A: Canada has seven vegetation zones including tundra, west coast forest, cordilleran vegetation, boreal and taiga forest, grassland, mixed forest and deciduous forest. Vegetation regions are characterized by similar plant life as determined by climate and other factors, such as geology, soil composition and erosion. The boreal forest region is the largest in Canada, followed by the Arctic tundra region.
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  • What is the main religion in Canada?

    Q: What is the main religion in Canada?

    A: Christianity is the main religion in Canada. Nearly seven out of every 10 Christians in Canada are of Roman Catholic faith.
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  • What is the capital of Canada?

    Q: What is the capital of Canada?

    A: The capital city of Canada is Ottawa, which is located in the province of Ontario. Ottawa is Canada's fourth largest city with a population exceeding more than 900,000 residents. This city was selected by Queen Victoria as the capital in mid-19th century.
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  • What is the climate of the Canadian Shield?

    Q: What is the climate of the Canadian Shield?

    A: The Canadian Shield, a northern region constituting almost half of Canada, has a cold, dry climate characterized by Arctic winds, heavy snowfall during the winter, cool, short summers in the north and warm summers in the south. The region gets around 18 inches of rain each year.
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  • What is the elevation in Calgary?

    Q: What is the elevation in Calgary?

    A: The elevation of Calgary is 3,445 feet above sea level. Calgary is located within the Canadian providence of Alberta at the confluence of the Elbow and Bow Rivers. Calgary lies approximately 50 miles east of the Canadian Rockies.
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  • What kind of plant life grows in a boreal forest?

    Q: What kind of plant life grows in a boreal forest?

    A: Coniferous trees are the predominate type of plant life in the boreal or taiga forest. These include plants such as firs, pines, larches, hemlocks and spruces. In addition to coniferous plants, mosses and lichen are also found in these regions.
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  • Where is Canada located?

    Q: Where is Canada located?

    A: Canada is located in North America, north of the United States. As of 2014, Canada has 10 provinces, three territories and a population of more than 35 million people.
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  • Who was the explorer who founded Quebec?

    Q: Who was the explorer who founded Quebec?

    A: Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain in 1608. The founding of Quebec was a landmark moment for France as it was the beginning of Canada and one of the first real successes for France in the new world.
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  • Where is Newfoundland?

    Q: Where is Newfoundland?

    A: The island of Newfoundland is situated at the mouth of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in the Atlantic Ocean off the northeastern coast of North America. Newfoundland joins mainland Labrador to form the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, neighbored by Quebec to the west and south.
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  • Which three oceans surround Canada?

    Q: Which three oceans surround Canada?

    A: The three oceans that surround Canada are the Atlantic Ocean on the east, the Pacific Ocean on the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Other major bodies of water in or near Canada are the Great Lakes and Hudson Bay.
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