Australia

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The Great Barrier Reef is 1,429 miles long and runs along the coast of northeastern Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park covers about 132,819 square miles and contains about 3,000 separate coral reefs.

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  • What giant Australian bird lays emerald green eggs?

    Q: What giant Australian bird lays emerald green eggs?

    A: The cassowary is a large and somewhat strange-looking bird whose eggs range in color from bright, vivid green to a more mild blueish-hued green. Female cassowaries can lay as many as eight eggs per clutch, and these eggs can be more than 3 inches wide by 5 inches long. The male cassowary then incubates the eggs for about 50 days and cares for and protects the chicks for several months thereafter.
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  • Which Australian landmark is nicknamed the "Coathanger"?

    Q: Which Australian landmark is nicknamed the "Coathanger"?

    A: The Sydney Harbour Bridge has earned the "coathanger" nickname thanks to its arched shape. This affectionate local nickname belies the scale of the bridge, which is one of the world's largest steel arch bridges.
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  • What two oceans touch Australia?

    Q: What two oceans touch Australia?

    A: Both the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean touch Australia. The Pacific Ocean is mostly to the east and south, and the Indian Ocean is mostly to the west.
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  • Which animal's venom is used in prescription painkillers?

    Q: Which animal's venom is used in prescription painkillers?

    A: The cone snail contains a venom that has been used to generate painkillers. On its own, the venom is incredibly deadly and is capable of instantly paralyzing one of this small animal's victims, including humans. However, when properly processed, components of this venom can be used to generate medication that numbs pain receptors.
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  • What is the capital of Australia?

    Q: What is the capital of Australia?

    A: The capital of Australia is Canberra, while the largest city is Sydney. Canberra is located in southeastern Australia and includes an area of about 300 square miles. Canberra had a population exceeding 380,000 people, as of 2013. Sydney is located on the southeastern coast and including around 4,800 square miles.
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  • What is the Dingo Fence?

    Q: What is the Dingo Fence?

    A: The Dingo Fence is a physical fence in southeastern Australia that spans more than 3,400 miles. As the name indicates, the Dingo Fence was built by European colonizers in the mid- to late 1800s to deter wild dogs, known as dingoes, from entering the fertile southeastern part of the country that became the base of sheep farming operations.
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  • What is the most deadly Australian animal?

    Q: What is the most deadly Australian animal?

    A: The box jellyfish is one of the most venomous animals on the planet-- not just in Australia, and the deadliest marine animal known to man. These powerfully venomous jellies are characterized by long, transparent tentacles that have millions of venom-carrying, harpoon like darts. Active mostly during the period from October through May (a time known as 'stinger season' in northern Australian coastal areas), the box jelly can be difficult to detect in the water due to its transparency.
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  • How many types of venomous snakes live in Australia?

    Q: How many types of venomous snakes live in Australia?

    A: Out of the 140 species of land snake and 30 additional species of sea snake that are native to Australia, approximately 100 are venomous. The two most venomous snakes in the world, the Inland Taipan and the Eastern Brown Snake, both live in Australia.
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  • Is Australia an island?

    Q: Is Australia an island?

    A: Australia matches the definition of an island, as it is surrounded by water on all sides. However, Australia is more frequently referred to as a continent rather than as an island; it is one of the largest land masses on Earth, so it fits the definition of a continent.
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  • What makes the Portuguese man-of-war unique?

    Q: What makes the Portuguese man-of-war unique?

    A: While the Portuguese man-of-war may look like a jellyfish, it's actually a siphonophore. Also known as simply "man-of-war" or "bluebottle," this complex creature is a colony of smaller individual organisms known as zooids. Though separate, the organisms that make up the Portuguese man-of-war work together and rely on each other for survival.
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  • Which continent is Australia in?

    Q: Which continent is Australia in?

    A: Australia is both a country and a continent. It is the sixth largest country in terms of land area and is the only large country that is completely surrounded by water. Australia is slightly smaller than the United States.
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  • Which spider has bigger fangs than a snake?

    Q: Which spider has bigger fangs than a snake?

    A: A combination of large fangs and strong venom makes the Sydney funnel-web spider one of the deadliest spiders on the planet. Certainly the most dangerous spider in Australia, which has no shortage of dangerous arachnids, the Sydney funnel-web spider will display its fangs when threatened.
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  • What is the national animal of Australia?

    Q: What is the national animal of Australia?

    A: Australia has not adopted an official national animal, but has designated the red kangaroo and the emu as Australia's "native animals." These two species appear on its shield, the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.
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  • How long is the Great Barrier Reef?

    Q: How long is the Great Barrier Reef?

    A: The Great Barrier Reef is 1,429 miles long and runs along the coast of northeastern Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park covers about 132,819 square miles and contains about 3,000 separate coral reefs.
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  • What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

    Q: What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

    A: On the Australian flag, the cluster of five stars comprises the constellation of the Southern Cross, which is Australia's geographical location within the Southern Hemisphere. The Commonwealth Star represents the Federation of States as six points and their unity as the seventh point. Aside from the stars, the flag also contains the British Union Jack and a blue field, which symbolizes the flag's historical origins.
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  • What is the oldest city in Australia?

    Q: What is the oldest city in Australia?

    A: Sydney is Australia's oldest and largest city. New South Wales, where Sydney is located, is Australia's oldest state and was founded in 1788 by Captain John Phillips as a penal colony at Port Jackson. Over a third of Australia's entire population resides in New South Wales, according to About.com.
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  • What oceans surround Australia?

    Q: What oceans surround Australia?

    A: Australia is surrounded by the Pacific, Southern and Indian Oceans. The Timor, Tasman and Coral Seas also lie on the outside of the country.
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  • What is the latitude and longitude of Australia?

    Q: What is the latitude and longitude of Australia?

    A: Based on information provided by Maps of the World, the latitude and longitude of Australia is 27 degrees 00' S and 133 degrees 00 E. Located at these coordinates, Australia is one of the smallest continents in the world.
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  • Is Australia a country?

    Q: Is Australia a country?

    A: Australia serves as both a country and the mainland for the Australian continent, which also includes the island of Tasmania and other smaller islands. It is the sixth-largest country in the world in terms of total area.
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  • Which type of deadly jellyfish is nearly invisible?

    Q: Which type of deadly jellyfish is nearly invisible?

    A: The Irukandji jellyfish, which is a highly venomous type of Australian box jellyfish, has nearly invisible tentacles and a tiny, transparent bell that makes it very hard to see. Though the Irukandji's bell is typically less than an inch wide, its translucent tentacles, which contain venomous darts, can be up to 3 feet long.
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  • Which octopus has enough venom to kill more than 20 humans?

    Q: Which octopus has enough venom to kill more than 20 humans?

    A: When threatened, the blue-ringed octopus can produce a powerful neurotoxin that is strong enough to kill 26 people. Fortunately, there are some physical signs that the octopus may be about to produce its toxin, including increased color intensity. Though its toxin has the power to kill multiple people, the blue-ringed octopus isn't actually responsible for many human deaths.
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