Australia

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The Great Barrier Reef is 1,429 miles long and runs along the coast of northeastern Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park covers about 132,819 square miles and contains about 3,000 separate coral reefs.

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  • What is the national animal of Australia?

    Q: What is the national animal of Australia?

    A: Australia has not adopted an official national animal, but has designated the red kangaroo and the emu as Australia's "native animals." These two species appear on its shield, the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.
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  • What oceans surround Australia?

    Q: What oceans surround Australia?

    A: Australia is surrounded by the Pacific, Southern and Indian Oceans. The Timor, Tasman and Coral Seas also lie on the outside of the country.
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  • Which snake has the most toxic venom in the world?

    Q: Which snake has the most toxic venom in the world?

    A: Australia's inland taipan has the most toxic venom of any known snake species. Despite its toxic venom, the inland taipan is not considered to be the most dangerous snake. Due to its remote habitat and the fact that it largely avoids humans, snake handlers tend to be the only people who suffer from inland taipan bites.
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  • What two oceans touch Australia?

    Q: What two oceans touch Australia?

    A: Both the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean touch Australia. The Pacific Ocean is mostly to the east and south, and the Indian Ocean is mostly to the west.
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  • What is the capital of Australia?

    Q: What is the capital of Australia?

    A: The capital of Australia is Canberra, while the largest city is Sydney. Canberra is located in southeastern Australia and includes an area of about 300 square miles. Canberra had a population exceeding 380,000 people, as of 2013. Sydney is located on the southeastern coast and including around 4,800 square miles.
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  • Did Australians invent the boomerang?

    Q: Did Australians invent the boomerang?

    A: Though boomerangs are iconically associated with Australian Aboriginal peoples, it's difficult to know exactly when and where this tool originated. Ancient humans used boomerangs for thousands of years before the advent of more modern tools. The oldest-known boomerang is thought to be about 20,000 years old and was actually found in Poland.
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  • Is Australia an island?

    Q: Is Australia an island?

    A: Australia matches the definition of an island, as it is surrounded by water on all sides. However, Australia is more frequently referred to as a continent rather than as an island; it is one of the largest land masses on Earth, so it fits the definition of a continent.
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  • Which type of deadly jellyfish is nearly invisible?

    Q: Which type of deadly jellyfish is nearly invisible?

    A: The Irukandji jellyfish, which is a highly venomous type of Australian box jellyfish, has nearly invisible tentacles and a tiny, transparent bell that makes it very hard to see. Though the Irukandji's bell is typically less than an inch wide, its translucent tentacles, which contain venomous darts, can be up to 3 feet long.
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  • What makes the Portuguese man-of-war unique?

    Q: What makes the Portuguese man-of-war unique?

    A: While the Portuguese man-of-war may look like a jellyfish, it's actually a siphonophore. Also known as simply "man-of-war" or "bluebottle," this complex creature is a colony of smaller individual organisms known as zooids. Though separate, the organisms that make up the Portuguese man-of-war work together and rely on each other for survival.
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  • What is Australia known for?

    Q: What is Australia known for?

    A: The nation of Australia features unique natural wonders ranging from coral reefs to waterfalls, and it is also home to a host of unique plant and animal species. According to Travel Australia, more than 80 percent of plants, mammals and reptile species in Australia are not found anywhere else in the world. Culturally, the people of Australia are known for their laid-back disposition.
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  • How many types of venomous snakes live in Australia?

    Q: How many types of venomous snakes live in Australia?

    A: Out of the 140 species of land snake and 30 additional species of sea snake that are native to Australia, approximately 100 are venomous. The two most venomous snakes in the world, the Inland Taipan and the Eastern Brown Snake, both live in Australia.
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  • Does it snow in Australia?

    Q: Does it snow in Australia?

    A: Snow falls in parts of southern Australia, particularly in the mountains. Snowfall is common during the winter in parts of Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales. Only Tasmania regularly receives snowfall outside of mountainous areas.
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  • Which animal's venom is used in prescription painkillers?

    Q: Which animal's venom is used in prescription painkillers?

    A: The cone snail contains a venom that has been used to generate painkillers. On its own, the venom is incredibly deadly and is capable of instantly paralyzing one of this small animal's victims, including humans. However, when properly processed, components of this venom can be used to generate medication that numbs pain receptors.
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  • Where is the Australian Outback?

    Q: Where is the Australian Outback?

    A: In Australia, the inland desert areas that exist mostly in the country's western regions are known somewhat colloquially as the outback. This includes areas in many of Australia's states, including Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Though the outback is largely characterized by arid, hot climates and dry, red sand landscapes, there are parts of the outback that, like other large desert expanses, do include oases and other water sources.
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  • Which spider has bigger fangs than a snake?

    Q: Which spider has bigger fangs than a snake?

    A: A combination of large fangs and strong venom makes the Sydney funnel-web spider one of the deadliest spiders on the planet. Certainly the most dangerous spider in Australia, which has no shortage of dangerous arachnids, the Sydney funnel-web spider will display its fangs when threatened.
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  • How long is the Great Barrier Reef?

    Q: How long is the Great Barrier Reef?

    A: The Great Barrier Reef is 1,429 miles long and runs along the coast of northeastern Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park covers about 132,819 square miles and contains about 3,000 separate coral reefs.
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  • Which tiny creature is Australia's second-most deadly venomous animal?

    Q: Which tiny creature is Australia's second-most deadly venomous animal?

    A: The common honey bee is the second-deadliest venomous animal in that country. Even though only as many as 2 percent of Australians are actually allergic to the honey bee's venom, the proportion of danger relative to that posed by other venomous animals is quite high.
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  • What oceans border Australia?

    Q: What oceans border Australia?

    A: The Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean border Australia. The country also has a number of seas and other bodies of water that surround its shores.
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  • Which city was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney?

    Q: Which city was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney?

    A: The Australian national capital city of Canberra was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney, two of the nation's largest cities, over which location would serve as the nation's capital. Much like the District of Columbia in the United States, Canberra is a planned city that exists within its own sovereign territory and is not part of any Australian state.
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  • Which continent is Australia in?

    Q: Which continent is Australia in?

    A: Australia is both a country and a continent. It is the sixth largest country in terms of land area and is the only large country that is completely surrounded by water. Australia is slightly smaller than the United States.
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  • Is Australia a country?

    Q: Is Australia a country?

    A: Australia serves as both a country and the mainland for the Australian continent, which also includes the island of Tasmania and other smaller islands. It is the sixth-largest country in the world in terms of total area.
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