Australia

A:

The Great Barrier Reef is 1,429 miles long and runs along the coast of northeastern Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park covers about 132,819 square miles and contains about 3,000 separate coral reefs.

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  • What is the capital of Australia?

    Q: What is the capital of Australia?

    A: The capital of Australia is Canberra, while the largest city is Sydney. Canberra is located in southeastern Australia and includes an area of about 300 square miles. Canberra had a population exceeding 380,000 people, as of 2013. Sydney is located on the southeastern coast and including around 4,800 square miles.
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  • Which Australian landmark is nicknamed the "Coathanger"?

    Q: Which Australian landmark is nicknamed the "Coathanger"?

    A: The Sydney Harbour Bridge has earned the "coathanger" nickname thanks to its arched shape. This affectionate local nickname belies the scale of the bridge, which is one of the world's largest steel arch bridges.
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  • How many types of venomous snakes live in Australia?

    Q: How many types of venomous snakes live in Australia?

    A: Out of the 140 species of land snake and 30 additional species of sea snake that are native to Australia, approximately 100 are venomous. The two most venomous snakes in the world, the Inland Taipan and the Eastern Brown Snake, both live in Australia.
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  • What is Australia known for?

    Q: What is Australia known for?

    A: The nation of Australia features unique natural wonders ranging from coral reefs to waterfalls, and it is also home to a host of unique plant and animal species. According to Travel Australia, more than 80 percent of plants, mammals and reptile species in Australia are not found anywhere else in the world. Culturally, the people of Australia are known for their laid-back disposition.
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  • Which snake has the most toxic venom in the world?

    Q: Which snake has the most toxic venom in the world?

    A: Australia's inland taipan has the most toxic venom of any known snake species. Despite its toxic venom, the inland taipan is not considered to be the most dangerous snake. Due to its remote habitat and the fact that it largely avoids humans, snake handlers tend to be the only people who suffer from inland taipan bites.
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  • Which type of deadly jellyfish is nearly invisible?

    Q: Which type of deadly jellyfish is nearly invisible?

    A: The Irukandji jellyfish, which is a highly venomous type of Australian box jellyfish, has nearly invisible tentacles and a tiny, transparent bell that makes it very hard to see. Though the Irukandji's bell is typically less than an inch wide, its translucent tentacles, which contain venomous darts, can be up to 3 feet long.
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  • Which city was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney?

    Q: Which city was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney?

    A: The Australian national capital city of Canberra was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney, two of the nation's largest cities, over which location would serve as the nation's capital. Much like the District of Columbia in the United States, Canberra is a planned city that exists within its own sovereign territory and is not part of any Australian state.
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  • What is the Dingo Fence?

    Q: What is the Dingo Fence?

    A: The Dingo Fence is a physical fence in southeastern Australia that spans more than 3,400 miles. As the name indicates, the Dingo Fence was built by European colonizers in the mid- to late 1800s to deter wild dogs, known as dingoes, from entering the fertile southeastern part of the country that became the base of sheep farming operations.
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  • Which animal's venom is used in prescription painkillers?

    Q: Which animal's venom is used in prescription painkillers?

    A: The cone snail contains a venom that has been used to generate painkillers. On its own, the venom is incredibly deadly and is capable of instantly paralyzing one of this small animal's victims, including humans. However, when properly processed, components of this venom can be used to generate medication that numbs pain receptors.
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  • What giant Australian bird lays emerald green eggs?

    Q: What giant Australian bird lays emerald green eggs?

    A: The cassowary is a large and somewhat strange-looking bird whose eggs range in color from bright, vivid green to a more mild blueish-hued green. Female cassowaries can lay as many as eight eggs per clutch, and these eggs can be more than 3 inches wide by 5 inches long. The male cassowary then incubates the eggs for about 50 days and cares for and protects the chicks for several months thereafter.
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  • What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

    Q: What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

    A: On the Australian flag, the cluster of five stars comprises the constellation of the Southern Cross, which is Australia's geographical location within the Southern Hemisphere. The Commonwealth Star represents the Federation of States as six points and their unity as the seventh point. Aside from the stars, the flag also contains the British Union Jack and a blue field, which symbolizes the flag's historical origins.
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  • Which fish's sting is so strong that the pain alone could kill you?

    Q: Which fish's sting is so strong that the pain alone could kill you?

    A: The reef stonefish is dangerous because its sting causes intense pain that can actually be strong enough to kill a person. In this case, death is brought about as a result of the shock caused by the extreme pain that accompanies a stonefish's sting.
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  • What is the latitude and longitude of Australia?

    Q: What is the latitude and longitude of Australia?

    A: Based on information provided by Maps of the World, the latitude and longitude of Australia is 27 degrees 00' S and 133 degrees 00 E. Located at these coordinates, Australia is one of the smallest continents in the world.
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  • Which tiny creature is Australia's second-most deadly venomous animal?

    Q: Which tiny creature is Australia's second-most deadly venomous animal?

    A: The common honey bee is the second-deadliest venomous animal in that country. Even though only as many as 2 percent of Australians are actually allergic to the honey bee's venom, the proportion of danger relative to that posed by other venomous animals is quite high.
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  • Which octopus has enough venom to kill more than 20 humans?

    Q: Which octopus has enough venom to kill more than 20 humans?

    A: When threatened, the blue-ringed octopus can produce a powerful neurotoxin that is strong enough to kill 26 people. Fortunately, there are some physical signs that the octopus may be about to produce its toxin, including increased color intensity. Though its toxin has the power to kill multiple people, the blue-ringed octopus isn't actually responsible for many human deaths.
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  • What oceans border Australia?

    Q: What oceans border Australia?

    A: The Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean border Australia. The country also has a number of seas and other bodies of water that surround its shores.
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  • What is the oldest city in Australia?

    Q: What is the oldest city in Australia?

    A: Sydney is Australia's oldest and largest city. New South Wales, where Sydney is located, is Australia's oldest state and was founded in 1788 by Captain John Phillips as a penal colony at Port Jackson. Over a third of Australia's entire population resides in New South Wales, according to About.com.
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  • What is the national animal of Australia?

    Q: What is the national animal of Australia?

    A: Australia has not adopted an official national animal, but has designated the red kangaroo and the emu as Australia's "native animals." These two species appear on its shield, the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.
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  • What is the most deadly Australian animal?

    Q: What is the most deadly Australian animal?

    A: The box jellyfish is one of the most venomous animals on the planet-- not just in Australia, and the deadliest marine animal known to man. These powerfully venomous jellies are characterized by long, transparent tentacles that have millions of venom-carrying, harpoon like darts. Active mostly during the period from October through May (a time known as 'stinger season' in northern Australian coastal areas), the box jelly can be difficult to detect in the water due to its transparency.
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  • Is Australia a country?

    Q: Is Australia a country?

    A: Australia serves as both a country and the mainland for the Australian continent, which also includes the island of Tasmania and other smaller islands. It is the sixth-largest country in the world in terms of total area.
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  • Does it snow in Australia?

    Q: Does it snow in Australia?

    A: Snow falls in parts of southern Australia, particularly in the mountains. Snowfall is common during the winter in parts of Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales. Only Tasmania regularly receives snowfall outside of mountainous areas.
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