Australia

A:

The Great Barrier Reef is 1,429 miles long and runs along the coast of northeastern Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park covers about 132,819 square miles and contains about 3,000 separate coral reefs.

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  • What Is the Oldest City in Australia?

    Q: What Is the Oldest City in Australia?

    A: Sydney is Australia's oldest and largest city. New South Wales, where Sydney is located, is Australia's oldest state and was founded in 1788 by Captain John Phillips as a penal colony at Port Jackson. Over a third of Australia's entire population resides in New South Wales, according to About.com.
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  • Which Australian Landmark Is Nicknamed the "Coathanger"?

    Q: Which Australian Landmark Is Nicknamed the "Coathanger"?

    A: The Sydney Harbour Bridge has earned the "coathanger" nickname thanks to its arched shape. This affectionate local nickname belies the scale of the bridge, which is one of the world's largest steel arch bridges.
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  • What Is the Latitude and Longitude of Australia?

    Q: What Is the Latitude and Longitude of Australia?

    A: Based on information provided by Maps of the World, the latitude and longitude of Australia is 27 degrees 00' S and 133 degrees 00 E. Located at these coordinates, Australia is one of the smallest continents in the world.
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  • Can People Climb the Sydney Harbour Bridge?

    Q: Can People Climb the Sydney Harbour Bridge?

    A: There are guided tours known as BridgeClimb that allow people to climb to the top of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in a safe, controlled environment. More than 3 million people have climbed the iconic, 463 foot tall bridge.
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  • Why Is Australia Called "Oz"?

    Q: Why Is Australia Called "Oz"?

    A: An informal reference to a resident of Australia is "Aussie," and an informal reference to the country itself is an even shorter derivative of the word, "Aus." When residents pronounce "Aus" with a hissing "s" sound, it sounds like "Oz," which has resulted in the country's informal nickname of "Oz."
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  • What Giant Australian Bird Lays Emerald Green Eggs?

    Q: What Giant Australian Bird Lays Emerald Green Eggs?

    A: The cassowary is a large and somewhat strange-looking bird whose eggs range in color from bright, vivid green to a more mild blueish-hued green. Female cassowaries can lay as many as eight eggs per clutch, and these eggs can be more than 3 inches wide by 5 inches long. The male cassowary then incubates the eggs for about 50 days and cares for and protects the chicks for several months thereafter.
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  • Which Type of Deadly Jellyfish Is Nearly Invisible?

    Q: Which Type of Deadly Jellyfish Is Nearly Invisible?

    A: The Irukandji jellyfish, which is a highly venomous type of Australian box jellyfish, has nearly invisible tentacles and a tiny, transparent bell that makes it very hard to see. Though the Irukandji's bell is typically less than an inch wide, its translucent tentacles, which contain venomous darts, can be up to 3 feet long.
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  • Which Octopus Has Enough Venom to Kill More Than 20 Humans?

    Q: Which Octopus Has Enough Venom to Kill More Than 20 Humans?

    A: When threatened, the blue-ringed octopus can produce a powerful neurotoxin that is strong enough to kill 26 people. Fortunately, there are some physical signs that the octopus may be about to produce its toxin, including increased color intensity. Though its toxin has the power to kill multiple people, the blue-ringed octopus isn't actually responsible for many human deaths.
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  • What Oceans Surround Australia?

    Q: What Oceans Surround Australia?

    A: Australia is surrounded by the Pacific, Southern and Indian Oceans. The Timor, Tasman and Coral Seas also lie on the outside of the country.
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  • What Is the Most Deadly Australian Animal?

    Q: What Is the Most Deadly Australian Animal?

    A: The box jellyfish is one of the most venomous animals on the planet-- not just in Australia, and the deadliest marine animal known to man. These powerfully venomous jellies are characterized by long, transparent tentacles that have millions of venom-carrying, harpoon like darts. Active mostly during the period from October through May (a time known as 'stinger season' in northern Australian coastal areas), the box jelly can be difficult to detect in the water due to its transparency.
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  • What Do the Stars on the Australian Flag Mean?

    Q: What Do the Stars on the Australian Flag Mean?

    A: On the Australian flag, the cluster of five stars comprises the constellation of the Southern Cross, which is Australia's geographical location within the Southern Hemisphere. The Commonwealth Star represents the Federation of States as six points and their unity as the seventh point. Aside from the stars, the flag also contains the British Union Jack and a blue field, which symbolizes the flag's historical origins.
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  • Where Is the Australian Outback?

    Q: Where Is the Australian Outback?

    A: In Australia, the inland desert areas that exist mostly in the country's western regions are known somewhat colloquially as the outback. This includes areas in many of Australia's states, including Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Though the outback is largely characterized by arid, hot climates and dry, red sand landscapes, there are parts of the outback that, like other large desert expanses, do include oases and other water sources.
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  • What Two Oceans Touch Australia?

    Q: What Two Oceans Touch Australia?

    A: Both the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean touch Australia. The Pacific Ocean is mostly to the east and south, and the Indian Ocean is mostly to the west.
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  • Is Australia an Island?

    Q: Is Australia an Island?

    A: Australia matches the definition of an island, as it is surrounded by water on all sides. However, Australia is more frequently referred to as a continent rather than as an island; it is one of the largest land masses on Earth, so it fits the definition of a continent.
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  • What Is the Capital of Australia?

    Q: What Is the Capital of Australia?

    A: The capital of Australia is Canberra, while the largest city is Sydney. Canberra is located in southeastern Australia and includes an area of about 300 square miles. Canberra had a population exceeding 380,000 people, as of 2013. Sydney is located on the southeastern coast and including around 4,800 square miles.
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  • Did Australians Invent the Boomerang?

    Q: Did Australians Invent the Boomerang?

    A: Though boomerangs are iconically associated with Australian Aboriginal peoples, it's difficult to know exactly when and where this tool originated. Ancient humans used boomerangs for thousands of years before the advent of more modern tools. The oldest-known boomerang is thought to be about 20,000 years old and was actually found in Poland.
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  • Which Spider Has Bigger Fangs Than a Snake?

    Q: Which Spider Has Bigger Fangs Than a Snake?

    A: A combination of large fangs and strong venom makes the Sydney funnel-web spider one of the deadliest spiders on the planet. Certainly the most dangerous spider in Australia, which has no shortage of dangerous arachnids, the Sydney funnel-web spider will display its fangs when threatened.
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  • Which Animal's Venom Is Used in Prescription Painkillers?

    Q: Which Animal's Venom Is Used in Prescription Painkillers?

    A: The cone snail contains a venom that has been used to generate painkillers. On its own, the venom is incredibly deadly and is capable of instantly paralyzing one of this small animal's victims, including humans. However, when properly processed, components of this venom can be used to generate medication that numbs pain receptors.
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  • Which City Was Created to Settle a Dispute Between Melbourne and Sydney?

    Q: Which City Was Created to Settle a Dispute Between Melbourne and Sydney?

    A: The Australian national capital city of Canberra was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney, two of the nation's largest cities, over which location would serve as the nation's capital. Much like the District of Columbia in the United States, Canberra is a planned city that exists within its own sovereign territory and is not part of any Australian state.
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  • Which Tiny Creature Is Australia's Second-Most Deadly Venomous Animal?

    Q: Which Tiny Creature Is Australia's Second-Most Deadly Venomous Animal?

    A: The common honey bee is the second-deadliest venomous animal in that country. Even though only as many as 2 percent of Australians are actually allergic to the honey bee's venom, the proportion of danger relative to that posed by other venomous animals is quite high.
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  • Is Australia a Country?

    Q: Is Australia a Country?

    A: Australia serves as both a country and the mainland for the Australian continent, which also includes the island of Tasmania and other smaller islands. It is the sixth-largest country in the world in terms of total area.
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