Australia

A:

The Great Barrier Reef is 1,429 miles long and runs along the coast of northeastern Australia. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park covers about 132,819 square miles and contains about 3,000 separate coral reefs.

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  • How many types of venomous snakes live in Australia?

    Q: How many types of venomous snakes live in Australia?

    A: Out of the 140 species of land snake and 30 additional species of sea snake that are native to Australia, approximately 100 are venomous. The two most venomous snakes in the world, the Inland Taipan and the Eastern Brown Snake, both live in Australia.
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  • Is Australia an island?

    Q: Is Australia an island?

    A: Australia matches the definition of an island, as it is surrounded by water on all sides. However, Australia is more frequently referred to as a continent rather than as an island; it is one of the largest land masses on Earth, so it fits the definition of a continent.
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  • What makes the Portuguese man-of-war unique?

    Q: What makes the Portuguese man-of-war unique?

    A: While the Portuguese man-of-war may look like a jellyfish, it's actually a siphonophore. Also known as simply "man-of-war" or "bluebottle," this complex creature is a colony of smaller individual organisms known as zooids. Though separate, the organisms that make up the Portuguese man-of-war work together and rely on each other for survival.
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  • Which type of deadly jellyfish is nearly invisible?

    Q: Which type of deadly jellyfish is nearly invisible?

    A: The Irukandji jellyfish, which is a highly venomous type of Australian box jellyfish, has nearly invisible tentacles and a tiny, transparent bell that makes it very hard to see. Though the Irukandji's bell is typically less than an inch wide, its translucent tentacles, which contain venomous darts, can be up to 3 feet long.
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  • What is the Dingo Fence?

    Q: What is the Dingo Fence?

    A: The Dingo Fence is a physical fence in southeastern Australia that spans more than 3,400 miles. As the name indicates, the Dingo Fence was built by European colonizers in the mid- to late 1800s to deter wild dogs, known as dingoes, from entering the fertile southeastern part of the country that became the base of sheep farming operations.
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  • What oceans surround Australia?

    Q: What oceans surround Australia?

    A: Australia is surrounded by the Pacific, Southern and Indian Oceans. The Timor, Tasman and Coral Seas also lie on the outside of the country.
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  • What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

    Q: What do the stars on the Australian flag mean?

    A: On the Australian flag, the cluster of five stars comprises the constellation of the Southern Cross, which is Australia's geographical location within the Southern Hemisphere. The Commonwealth Star represents the Federation of States as six points and their unity as the seventh point. Aside from the stars, the flag also contains the British Union Jack and a blue field, which symbolizes the flag's historical origins.
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  • Where is Sydney, Australia located?

    Q: Where is Sydney, Australia located?

    A: Sydney, Australia, is located in the state of New South Wales, which is on the country's southeast coast along the Tasman Sea. It is located to the east of the Blue Mountains, to the south of the Hawkesbury River and to the north of Royal National Park.
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  • What is Australia known for?

    Q: What is Australia known for?

    A: The nation of Australia features unique natural wonders ranging from coral reefs to waterfalls, and it is also home to a host of unique plant and animal species. According to Travel Australia, more than 80 percent of plants, mammals and reptile species in Australia are not found anywhere else in the world. Culturally, the people of Australia are known for their laid-back disposition.
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  • Where is the Australian Outback?

    Q: Where is the Australian Outback?

    A: In Australia, the inland desert areas that exist mostly in the country's western regions are known somewhat colloquially as the outback. This includes areas in many of Australia's states, including Victoria, Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Though the outback is largely characterized by arid, hot climates and dry, red sand landscapes, there are parts of the outback that, like other large desert expanses, do include oases and other water sources.
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  • What giant Australian bird lays emerald green eggs?

    Q: What giant Australian bird lays emerald green eggs?

    A: The cassowary is a large and somewhat strange-looking bird whose eggs range in color from bright, vivid green to a more mild blueish-hued green. Female cassowaries can lay as many as eight eggs per clutch, and these eggs can be more than 3 inches wide by 5 inches long. The male cassowary then incubates the eggs for about 50 days and cares for and protects the chicks for several months thereafter.
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  • Which continent is Australia in?

    Q: Which continent is Australia in?

    A: Australia is both a country and a continent. It is the sixth largest country in terms of land area and is the only large country that is completely surrounded by water. Australia is slightly smaller than the United States.
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  • What oceans border Australia?

    Q: What oceans border Australia?

    A: The Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean border Australia. The country also has a number of seas and other bodies of water that surround its shores.
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  • Which tiny creature is Australia's second-most deadly venomous animal?

    Q: Which tiny creature is Australia's second-most deadly venomous animal?

    A: The common honey bee is the second-deadliest venomous animal in that country. Even though only as many as 2 percent of Australians are actually allergic to the honey bee's venom, the proportion of danger relative to that posed by other venomous animals is quite high.
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  • What is the national animal of Australia?

    Q: What is the national animal of Australia?

    A: Australia has not adopted an official national animal, but has designated the red kangaroo and the emu as Australia's "native animals." These two species appear on its shield, the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.
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  • Which snake has the most toxic venom in the world?

    Q: Which snake has the most toxic venom in the world?

    A: Australia's inland taipan has the most toxic venom of any known snake species. Despite its toxic venom, the inland taipan is not considered to be the most dangerous snake. Due to its remote habitat and the fact that it largely avoids humans, snake handlers tend to be the only people who suffer from inland taipan bites.
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  • Does it snow in Australia?

    Q: Does it snow in Australia?

    A: Snow falls in parts of southern Australia, particularly in the mountains. Snowfall is common during the winter in parts of Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales. Only Tasmania regularly receives snowfall outside of mountainous areas.
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  • Which city was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney?

    Q: Which city was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney?

    A: The Australian national capital city of Canberra was created to settle a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney, two of the nation's largest cities, over which location would serve as the nation's capital. Much like the District of Columbia in the United States, Canberra is a planned city that exists within its own sovereign territory and is not part of any Australian state.
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  • Can people climb the Sydney Harbour Bridge?

    Q: Can people climb the Sydney Harbour Bridge?

    A: There are guided tours known as BridgeClimb that allow people to climb to the top of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in a safe, controlled environment. More than 3 million people have climbed the iconic, 463 foot tall bridge.
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  • What two oceans touch Australia?

    Q: What two oceans touch Australia?

    A: Both the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean touch Australia. The Pacific Ocean is mostly to the east and south, and the Indian Ocean is mostly to the west.
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  • Which Australian landmark is nicknamed the "Coathanger"?

    Q: Which Australian landmark is nicknamed the "Coathanger"?

    A: The Sydney Harbour Bridge has earned the "coathanger" nickname thanks to its arched shape. This affectionate local nickname belies the scale of the bridge, which is one of the world's largest steel arch bridges.
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