Africa

A:

More than 25 percent of Africa is desert. The Sahara Desert, the Kalahari Desert and the Namib Desert are the main deserts found in Africa.

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  • How many African countries are there?

    Q: How many African countries are there?

    A: As of 2014, Africa has 54 countries. The largest country by area is Algeria, while the most populous country is Nigeria. African countries can be divided by location into the following regions: Northern Africa, the Horn of Africa, Eastern Africa, Central Africa, Southern Africa and Western Africa.
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  • What are names of rivers in Africa?

    Q: What are names of rivers in Africa?

    A: Names of rivers that are in Africa include the Congo river, the Nile river, the Zambezi river, the Niger river and the Orange river. These five rivers are among many rivers on the continent, but are the largest ones.
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  • What can you eat in the desert?

    Q: What can you eat in the desert?

    A: There are some edible plants, seeds and fruits that can be foraged from most desert climates, including fruits that grow on cacti. However, many of these foods, including stinging nettle and prickly pear, have sharp stings, hairs or spikes and need to be cooked before they are safe to eat.
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  • What are the major mountain ranges in Madagascar?

    Q: What are the major mountain ranges in Madagascar?

    A: The mountain ranges of Madagascar include Massif du Tsaratanana, Ankaratra and the Andringitra. The mountains of Madagascar run in a north-south direction through the central third of the island.
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  • How do you protect yourself from the desert sun?

    Q: How do you protect yourself from the desert sun?

    A: Individuals who will be exposed to the elements in a desert climate can protect themselves from the sun by wearing sunblock and appropriate clothing, including long pants, wide-brim hats that cover the face and neck, and sunglasses. Those who find themselves in an emergency situation in desert conditions may need to take additional measures to build a sun-proof shelter; this may require the use of manmade gear rather than found objects.
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  • How many active volcanoes are in Africa?

    Q: How many active volcanoes are in Africa?

    A: A known 157 active volcanoes exist in Africa. The vast majority of these volcanoes sit on the continent's east coast, including the 59 active volcanoes found in Ethiopia. The volcanoes exist because of a splitting between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate, which is actually pulling the continent apart.
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  • What is the most populated country in Africa?

    Q: What is the most populated country in Africa?

    A: The most populated country in Africa is Nigeria, with a population of over 177 million people. Nigeria is located in Western Africa and is a country that is comprised of 36 states.
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  • Which African countries does the equator pass through?

    Q: Which African countries does the equator pass through?

    A: The equator passes through the African countries of Gabon, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya and Somalia. In total, the equator passes through 12 countries.
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  • What is the largest country in Africa?

    Q: What is the largest country in Africa?

    A: The largest country in Africa is Algeria. This country has an area of 919,595 square miles or 2,381,740 square kilometers. Algeria is located is northern Africa and borders Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Western Sahara and the Mediterranean Sea. It is also the tenth largest country in the world.
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  • What type of government does Nigeria have?

    Q: What type of government does Nigeria have?

    A: Nigeria has a federal republic. It has executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. The National Assembly constitutes the legislative branch of government, the president exercises executive authority and the Supreme Court is the nation's highest court.
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  • What is the climate in Africa?

    Q: What is the climate in Africa?

    A: Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. There is not a single, dominant climate throughout the African continent, with different geological features such as lowlands or mountain ranges impacting climate differently in different places. However, much of Africa is dominated by the massive Sahara desert, and the continent is home to a huge proportion of the planet's arid lands.
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  • What city is the Sphinx located in?

    Q: What city is the Sphinx located in?

    A: The Great Sphinx is located near the northern Egyptian city of Giza on the west bank of the Nile River. The Pyramids of Giza are also located there. The Sphinx, which lies south of the Great Pyramid, is around 24 feet in length and 66 feet in height.
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  • What is the capital of Guinea?

    Q: What is the capital of Guinea?

    A: The capital of Guinea is Conakry. Conakry has a population of 1.5 million people, and it is Guinea's largest city and most important economic area.
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  • What is the tallest mountain in Africa?

    Q: What is the tallest mountain in Africa?

    A: Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It is located in Tanzania in east Africa and has an elevation of 19,340 feet. The mountain formed millions of years ago as a result of volcanic activity.
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  • In which country did apartheid take place?

    Q: In which country did apartheid take place?

    A: Apartheid took place in the Republic of South Africa. The apartheid laws were associated with racial discrimination and supremacy of whites. These laws lasted from 1948 to 1991 in South Africa.
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  • Why is Africa called the "plateau continent"?

    Q: Why is Africa called the "plateau continent"?

    A: Africa is called a "plateau continent" because much of the land is raised well above sea level, dropping off sharply near the coastline. Additionally, Africa's continental shelf drops off precipitously, providing deep harbors but limiting offshore resource exploitation.
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  • What is the hottest desert in the world?

    Q: What is the hottest desert in the world?

    A: The Lut Desert is the hottest desert on Earth, based on satellite calculations that measure the land skin temperature of the entire surface of the planet. The 2005 reading of the Lut Desert was 159.3 degrees Fahrenheit. The Lut Desert is located in the southeast of Iran.
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  • What oceans and seas surround Africa?

    Q: What oceans and seas surround Africa?

    A: Africa, the world's second-largest continent, is bounded by the Atlantic, Indian and Southern oceans, as well as by the Red and Mediterranean seas. The continent straddles the equator and sits between the landforms of southern Europe and Asia, giving it a complex coastal geography and a wide range of sea conditions.
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  • What direction do the Pyramids face?

    Q: What direction do the Pyramids face?

    A: The Egyptian pyramids are all square-based pyramids, having four sides. Thus, they cannot face in one particular direction; their four faces point in four different directions.
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  • Why is the Niger River important to Africa?

    Q: Why is the Niger River important to Africa?

    A: The Niger is an important river in Africa because it is the principal river in Western Africa and provides an invaluable water source in the Sahara Desert. It’s two fertile deltas provide critical water sources and wetlands to an otherwise very dry region.
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  • What is South Africa famous for?

    Q: What is South Africa famous for?

    A: South Africa is famous for its former president, Nelson Mandela, Kruger National Park and a variety of gem stones and minerals. Approximately 50 percent of the world's gold reserves are located in South Africa. The country is also the third largest exporter of coal in the world, in addition to being one of the world's leading producers of diamonds. This includes the rare 25.5 carat blue diamond discovered in 2014.
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