Africa

A:

Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. There is not a single, dominant climate throughout the African continent, with different geological features such as lowlands or mountain ranges impacting climate differently in different places. However, much of Africa is dominated by the massive Sahara desert, and the continent is home to a huge proportion of the planet's arid lands.

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  • How did Madagascar get its name?

    Q: How did Madagascar get its name?

    A: Early Portuguese explorers gave Madagascar its name because of reports by Marco Polo of an island by that name, although it was most likely not the same island. The native inhabitants of Madagascar are called the Malagasy.
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  • Where is Lake Victoria located?

    Q: Where is Lake Victoria located?

    A: Lake Victoria is located in Africa, centered along the eastern border of the continent. It lies within Uganda and Tanzania and is bordered by Kenya. The equator runs through the northern part of the lake.
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  • Is an ostrich faster than a cheetah?

    Q: Is an ostrich faster than a cheetah?

    A: Over short distances, cheetahs are significantly faster than ostriches, which have a top speed of slightly more than 40 miles per hour. While ostriches are better distance runners, cheetahs have been clocked at 59 miles per hour.
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  • What countries does the Sahara Desert cover?

    Q: What countries does the Sahara Desert cover?

    A: The Sahara Desert covers large parts of the African countries of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia. The desert has an area of over 3.6 million square miles, covering around one-quarter of the continent of Africa.
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  • How many people live in Madagascar?

    Q: How many people live in Madagascar?

    A: A 2012 end-of-year census estimated the population of Madagascar at just more than 22 million. This makes the country the 54th most populated country in the world. The largest city is its capital, Antananarivo, with more than 1.8 million residents.
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  • How many islands are there in the Canary Islands?

    Q: How many islands are there in the Canary Islands?

    A: The Canary Islands are comprised of seven islands: El Hierro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, Lanzarote, La Palma and Tenerife. Situated in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwestern coast of Africa, the Canary Islands are a Spanish archipelago and one of Spain's 17 autonomous communities. The Canary Islands are among the European Union's outermost regions.
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  • What city is the Sphinx located in?

    Q: What city is the Sphinx located in?

    A: The Great Sphinx is located near the northern Egyptian city of Giza on the west bank of the Nile River. The Pyramids of Giza are also located there. The Sphinx, which lies south of the Great Pyramid, is around 24 feet in length and 66 feet in height.
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  • Who colonized South Africa?

    Q: Who colonized South Africa?

    A: South Africa was colonized by two different powers, the Dutch and the English. The Dutch East India Company established the first colony in 1652. The British took over the colony in 1795, returned it during the Peace of Amiens in 1802, and then re-occupied it in 1809.
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  • What are some of the physical characteristics of Egypt?

    Q: What are some of the physical characteristics of Egypt?

    A: The majority of Egypt's landmass is a flat and featureless desert which supports only minimal vegetation. In the upper eastern corner of the North African country, the mountainous Sinai Peninsula borders Israel and is separated from the rest of the African landmass by the Suez Canal. Egypt is a transcontinental country in which the Isthmus of Suez serves as a land bridge between the continents of Africa and Asia.
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  • Is Cape Verde part of Africa?

    Q: Is Cape Verde part of Africa?

    A: Cape Verde is an independent island country comprised of 10 islands; it is part of the continent of Africa. Cape Verde is located approximately 350 miles off the coast of Western Africa in the Atlantic Ocean. Cape Verde comprises a total area of 1,557 square miles.
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  • Which African country has three capital cities?

    Q: Which African country has three capital cities?

    A: The country of South Africa has three capital cities: Pretoria, Cape Town and Bloemfontein. Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judicial capital. There are 12 countries in the world, including South Africa, that have multiple capital cities.
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  • What type of government does Nigeria have?

    Q: What type of government does Nigeria have?

    A: Nigeria has a federal republic. It has executive, legislative and judicial branches of government. The National Assembly constitutes the legislative branch of government, the president exercises executive authority and the Supreme Court is the nation's highest court.
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  • What animals are being poached in Africa?

    Q: What animals are being poached in Africa?

    A: As of 2014, the main animals being poached in Africa are rhinoceros and elephants. Other animals being poached in lesser amounts include lions, leopards, baboons, elands, impala, bushbuck, reedbuck, kudus and warthogs.
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  • What were three effects of European imperialism on Africa?

    Q: What were three effects of European imperialism on Africa?

    A: Three effects that European imperialism had on Africa included a more structured political system with an organized government, the development of industrial technology and the idea of nationalism, which led to wars and revolutions later on. The impacts of European imperialism were both positive and negative for Africa.
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  • What is the climate in Africa?

    Q: What is the climate in Africa?

    A: Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. There is not a single, dominant climate throughout the African continent, with different geological features such as lowlands or mountain ranges impacting climate differently in different places. However, much of Africa is dominated by the massive Sahara desert, and the continent is home to a huge proportion of the planet's arid lands.
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  • Why was Nelson Mandela a good leader?

    Q: Why was Nelson Mandela a good leader?

    A: Nelson Mandela was a good leader because he sought reconciliation with his political enemies rather than retaliation against them. This forgiving approach helped his country, South Africa, to heal from the wound of apartheid.
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  • What countries does the Nile flow through?

    Q: What countries does the Nile flow through?

    A: The system known as the Nile River flows through the countries of Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. The countries through which the White Nile flows are Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Blue Nile flows through Ethiopia and Sudan. The main portion of the Nile flows through Sudan and Egypt.
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  • What are the major mountain ranges in Madagascar?

    Q: What are the major mountain ranges in Madagascar?

    A: The mountain ranges of Madagascar include Massif du Tsaratanana, Ankaratra and the Andringitra. The mountains of Madagascar run in a north-south direction through the central third of the island.
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  • What is the distance between Nazareth and Bethlehem?

    Q: What is the distance between Nazareth and Bethlehem?

    A: The direct distance, as the crow flies, from Nazareth to Bethlehem is about 70 miles. Mary and Joseph probably walked more than 90 miles before they reached their resting place at the stable.
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  • What oceans and seas surround Africa?

    Q: What oceans and seas surround Africa?

    A: Africa, the world's second-largest continent, is bounded by the Atlantic, Indian and Southern oceans, as well as by the Red and Mediterranean seas. The continent straddles the equator and sits between the landforms of southern Europe and Asia, giving it a complex coastal geography and a wide range of sea conditions.
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  • What percentage of Africa is desert?

    Q: What percentage of Africa is desert?

    A: More than 25 percent of Africa is desert. The Sahara Desert, the Kalahari Desert and the Namib Desert are the main deserts found in Africa.
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