Africa

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Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. There is not a single, dominant climate throughout the African continent, with different geological features such as lowlands or mountain ranges impacting climate differently in different places. However, much of Africa is dominated by the massive Sahara desert, and the continent is home to a huge proportion of the planet's arid lands.

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  • Where is the Sahara desert located?

    Q: Where is the Sahara desert located?

    A: The Sahara desert is located across Northern Africa and covers approximately 10 percent of the African continent. Its borders include the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Red Sea to the east.
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  • Which wild animal kills the most humans in Africa?

    Q: Which wild animal kills the most humans in Africa?

    A: The hippopotamus directly kills more humans in Africa than any other wild animal. It is aggressive and deceptively fast-moving when defending its territory in and around water.
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  • What countries does the Sahara Desert cover?

    Q: What countries does the Sahara Desert cover?

    A: The Sahara Desert covers large parts of the African countries of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia. The desert has an area of over 3.6 million square miles, covering around one-quarter of the continent of Africa.
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  • How many islands are there in the Canary Islands?

    Q: How many islands are there in the Canary Islands?

    A: The Canary Islands are comprised of seven islands: El Hierro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, La Gomera, Lanzarote, La Palma and Tenerife. Situated in the Atlantic Ocean off the northwestern coast of Africa, the Canary Islands are a Spanish archipelago and one of Spain's 17 autonomous communities. The Canary Islands are among the European Union's outermost regions.
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  • Can you drink your own pee in order to survive?

    Q: Can you drink your own pee in order to survive?

    A: Though not as refreshing as a glass of ice water, human urine is potable and contains around 95 percent water, so it can help hydrate a person caught in an extreme situation. However, about 5 percent of urine has waste products from the kidney - vitamins and minerals such as calcium and potassium. After a couple of days of drinking nothing but the same recycled urine, there will be more waste and less water in the fluid, making consumption risky.
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  • What is the climate in Kenya?

    Q: What is the climate in Kenya?

    A: There are two dominant influences on the climate in Kenya: altitude and monsoon winds coming from the Indian Ocean. The climate of Kenya is made up of two rainy seasons and two dry seasons, according to Expert Africa. The onsets of the rainy seasons are determined by the monsoon winds.
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  • What language do they speak in Cameroon?

    Q: What language do they speak in Cameroon?

    A: People in Cameroon speak 280 different languages. The country's two national languages are English and French. English speakers live mainly in the southwest and northwest regions; in the rest of the country, French is dominant.
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  • Do lions really dominate African wildlife?

    Q: Do lions really dominate African wildlife?

    A: Because lions only inhabit certain limited parts of Africa, which is a very large continent with varied geology, they cannot accurately be said to dominate wildlife on that continent, though they are apex predators who tend to be at or near the top of their ecosystem's food chain. And while lions are skilled hunters and fierce predators, some other predators, such as hyenas, have been known to outcompete and even dominate lions.
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  • What city is the Sphinx located in?

    Q: What city is the Sphinx located in?

    A: The Great Sphinx is located near the northern Egyptian city of Giza on the west bank of the Nile River. The Pyramids of Giza are also located there. The Sphinx, which lies south of the Great Pyramid, is around 24 feet in length and 66 feet in height.
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  • What is the capital of Guinea?

    Q: What is the capital of Guinea?

    A: The capital of Guinea is Conakry. Conakry has a population of 1.5 million people, and it is Guinea's largest city and most important economic area.
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  • What is the tallest mountain in Africa?

    Q: What is the tallest mountain in Africa?

    A: Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It is located in Tanzania in east Africa and has an elevation of 19,340 feet. The mountain formed millions of years ago as a result of volcanic activity.
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  • How do you protect yourself from the desert sun?

    Q: How do you protect yourself from the desert sun?

    A: Individuals who will be exposed to the elements in a desert climate can protect themselves from the sun by wearing sunblock and appropriate clothing, including long pants, wide-brim hats that cover the face and neck, and sunglasses. Those who find themselves in an emergency situation in desert conditions may need to take additional measures to build a sun-proof shelter; this may require the use of manmade gear rather than found objects.
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  • How many people live in Madagascar?

    Q: How many people live in Madagascar?

    A: A 2012 end-of-year census estimated the population of Madagascar at just more than 22 million. This makes the country the 54th most populated country in the world. The largest city is its capital, Antananarivo, with more than 1.8 million residents.
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  • What is the biggest river in Africa?

    Q: What is the biggest river in Africa?

    A: The longest river in Africa is the Nile River, which a runs a total distance of 4,160 miles. The Nile River is also the longest river in the world.
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  • How did Madagascar get its name?

    Q: How did Madagascar get its name?

    A: Early Portuguese explorers gave Madagascar its name because of reports by Marco Polo of an island by that name, although it was most likely not the same island. The native inhabitants of Madagascar are called the Malagasy.
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  • What are the best tips for surviving in the desert?

    Q: What are the best tips for surviving in the desert?

    A: Desert survival depends on protection from the elements, including the extreme temperatures that can be experienced both during the day and at night, with heat stroke, dehydration and hypothermia all posing risks to human health and safety. The biggest tip for desert survival is to be prepared for the climate, which means being equipped with proper gear and clothing in addition to adequate supplies of water and food, which are not naturally plentiful in most desert areas.
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  • What is the capital of the only landlocked African nation that borders Lake Victoria?

    Q: What is the capital of the only landlocked African nation that borders Lake Victoria?

    A: Kampala is the capital of Uganda, which is the only landlocked African nation that borders Lake Victoria. South Sudan borders Uganda to the north. Kenya and the Democratic Republic of the Congo border Uganda to the east and west, respectively. Uganda's southern borders are with Tanzania and Rwanda.
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  • What are the five regions of Africa?

    Q: What are the five regions of Africa?

    A: The five regions of Africa are Northern Africa, Western Africa, Middle (Central) Africa, Eastern Africa and Southern Africa. Each individual region is categorized directionally, by cardinal (compass) direction.
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  • How do you find water if you're stranded in the desert?

    Q: How do you find water if you're stranded in the desert?

    A: Finding drinkable water is probably the biggest challenge to surviving a desert environment, but you'll first want to look for plants and animals, including leafy trees (not cacti), insects and birds. These all require water to survive, and they might point to a nearby water source. Getting to higher ground in order to get a view of the landscape may also be helpful for locating water sources in deserts.
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  • What is the hottest desert in the world?

    Q: What is the hottest desert in the world?

    A: The Lut Desert is the hottest desert on Earth, based on satellite calculations that measure the land skin temperature of the entire surface of the planet. The 2005 reading of the Lut Desert was 159.3 degrees Fahrenheit. The Lut Desert is located in the southeast of Iran.
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  • What are names of rivers in Africa?

    Q: What are names of rivers in Africa?

    A: Names of rivers that are in Africa include the Congo river, the Nile river, the Zambezi river, the Niger river and the Orange river. These five rivers are among many rivers on the continent, but are the largest ones.
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