Memorials are extremely diverse, ranging from the grandiose Taj Mahal in India to the comparatively humble statue of Abraham de Peyster in Thomas Paine Park, Lower Manhattan. Monuments may pay tribute to individuals, as in the case of these two examples, or to historic events and the loss of life on a larger scale. Examples of the latter include the National September 11 Memorial and the Peace Memorial Hall in Hiroshima, Japan.Continue Reading
The Emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal to commemorate the life of his late wife, Mumtaz Mahal. He designed it to be the most beautiful building ever constructed in testament to Shah Jahan's enduring love.
The National September 11 Memorial commemorates the loss of approximately 3,000 people to the attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. It comprises two reflecting pools, each representative in size and shape of one of the destroyed towers. The design for the memorial was selected from over 5,200 international submissions.
Some memorials are designated, as opposed to man made. One example is Actun Tunichil Muknal, a cave in the jungle of Belize that is home to the remains of a Maya girl. Similarly, the Son My Memorial in Vietnam, which consists of little more than rice paddies and vegetable plots, commemorates the site of attacks against unarmed villagers during the Vietnam War.Learn more about Geography