Cruise ship disasters include the Carnival Triumph disaster, which occurred when the ship’s engine caught fire and stranded it in the Gulf of Mexico for eight days without power, air-conditioning or a working septic system. The Carnival's Splendor suffered engine fires stranding 4,500 passengers at sea for three days.
In 2012, the Costa Concordia ran aground on a reef near Tuscany, Italy and toppled onto its side, killing 32 people and injuring 64. In 2005, pirates attacked the Seabourn Spirits and fired machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades on it. The ship was able to escape with no passengers being injured. In 2010, over 400 passengers and crew on the Celebrity Mercury were stricken with the norovirus, causing vomiting and other gastrointestinal ills aboard the ship. In 1915, the S.S. Eastland rolled over while in port in downtown Chicago, killing approximately 840 of the 2,500 passengers aboard.