As of 2014, 13 countries lie on the equator. They are Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Gabon, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia, Kiribati and S?o Tom? and Pr?ncipe. The equator is an imaginary line equidistant from both the North Pole and the South Pole.
Three equatorial countries are in South America, seven are in Africa and three are in Asia. The equator passes through Kiribati and Maldives, but not on dry land. Brazil is the largest equatorial country on the planet and the fifth-largest overall. S?o Tom? and Pr?ncipe is the second-smallest nation in Africa. Kiribati is made of three island groups, and the Maldives is the smallest country in Asia.