The elevation of Colorado Springs is 6,000 feet. Colorado Springs is Colorado's largest city in terms of area, and the second largest city in population. The population count was 414,658 in 2009.
Colorado Springs has a semi-arid climate and receives a great deal of sunshine year-round with an average of close to 300 sunny days. Colorado Springs receives less than 20 inches of precipitation a year. The city was founded in 1871 by General William Jackson Palmer with the intention of being a resort area. Colorado Springs is just 10 miles from Pikes Peak, a popular mountain that reaches more than 14,000 feet in height. Pikes Peak is designated a National Historic Landmark.