The elevation of Calgary is 3,445 feet above sea level. Calgary is located within the Canadian providence of Alberta at the confluence of the Elbow and Bow Rivers. Calgary lies approximately 50 miles east of the Canadian Rockies.
Calgary was initially established in 1875 and was incorporated as a city in 1894. It is the largest city of Alberta, surpassing the size of Edmonton, the capital of the province. Calgary has a total area of approximately 320 miles, making it larger than Toronto in land area. The city had a population over 1 million people as of 2011. Calgary has a humid continental climate.