El Salvador, called "Land of Volcanoes," is primarily known for its molten volcanoes, which serve as the country's most prominent geographical features. The country is also popular for its coconut islands, quaint colonial villages and surfing capitals along its Pacific coastlines and scattered beaches. One of El Salvador's historical archaeological finds, Joya De Ceren, is designated as a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
El Salvador, which is the smallest Central American country, derived its name from Spanish terms, meaning "The Savior." The name was given as a sign of respect for the lands of Jesus Christ called "Cuscatlan." Due to the nation's relative smallness compared to its neighboring countries, El Salvador has earned the nickname Tom Thumb of the Americas. It also holds the distinction of being the only country in Central America that does not form a coastline with the Caribbean Sea.
The Salvadorans regularly experience earthquakes from the active volcanic phenomena that occur in the region. Some of El Salvador's most prominent volcanoes include San Salvador, San Miguel, Ilopango, Conchaguita, Santa Ana and Izalco.
Swimming and surfing are popular tourist activities in El Salvador due to its tropical climate. The country's renowned surfing sites include El Sunzal, El Este, El Zonte and San Salvador. Sightseers also visit known tourist attractions, such as Tazumal, La Libertad, La Palma, San Vicente, Cathedral Palacio National, El Boqueron National Park, Parquee Zoologico and Ilamatepec.