What Are Some Facts About El Salvador?

el-salvador Credit: Otto Rodriguez/CC-BY-SA 2.0

Some facts about El Salvador include that it's a country in Central America and about 8,124 square miles in area. It borders Guatemala, Honduras and the Pacific Ocean. It's a mountainous country with a tropical climate.

El Salvador's highest point is Cerro El Pital, an 8,957-foot high mountain on the country's border with Honduras. As of 2014, the population of El Salvador was 6,125,512. Most people in El Salvador are Mestizos, or people of mixed European and Native American ancestry. Most people are also Roman Catholics. El Salvador is also the most densely populated country in Central America.

El Salvador used to be a Spanish colony but won its independence on Sept. 15, 1821. The head of both state and government as of 2014 was Salvador Sanchez Ceren, who also appoints the Council of Ministers.

Another fact about El Salvador is that its national bird is the turquoise-browed motmot, a bird noted for its bright turquoise brow and its interesting tail, which has two disks at the ends.

El Salvador exports coffee and sugar as well as gold, textiles and clothes, iron and steel and chemicals. Its official currency is the U.S. dollar, whereas previously, it was the Salvadoran colon.